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Table 1 Overview of EPAs used in the questionnaire

From: What can we expect from medical graduates? Empirical survey on the performance of Core EPAs in the first days of residency

  Terms used in the manuscript EPA descriptions used in the questionnaire
Core EPAs History, physical and synthesis Take a medical history, perform a physical examination and summarize the results in a structured manner (typical presentation, common disease pattern)
Diagnostic plan Compile a diagnostic plan and initiate implementation (typical presentation, common disease pattern, typical course of disease; tiered diagnostics)
Interpret test results Interpret test results and initiate further steps (common diagnostic methods)
Treatment plan Compile a treatment plan and initiate implementation (common disease pattern, typical course of disease)
Obtain Informed consent Seek consent for medical procedures and diagnostics (inform patient about course, benefits, risks and alternatives)
Inform and advise a patient Inform and advise patients (common consolations, reasons and diseases)
Present patient history Present a patient history (structured; according to the target audience and situational requirements)
Patient handover Give or receive a patient handover (structured; according to the target audience and situational requirements)
Patient report Write and transmit a patient report (structured; transmit oneself or delegate)
Act in emergency situations Recognize an emergency situation and act upon it (estimate the degree of severity, provide on-the-spot aid, call for help)
Evidence-based case presentation Undertake an evidence-based patient case and initiate patient-specific implementation
Core Procedures Venous blood sampling Venous blood sampling
Capillary blood sampling Capillary blood sampling
Peripheral catheter Inserting a peripheral catheter
Blood culture Taking a blood culture
Taking a smear Taking a smear (oral, nasal, wound, anal, urogenital)
Intracutaneous injection Giving an intracutaneous injection
Subcutaneous injection Giving a subcutaneous injection
Intramuscular injection Giving an intramuscular injection
Infusion Giving an infusion
Nasogastric tube Placing a nasogastric tube
ECG Taking an ECG
Bandage Putting on or changing a bandage
Prescription Writing a prescription
Advanced EPAs Complete patient admission Manage an in-patient admission
Ward round Conduct a ward round in the hospital
Complete patient discharge Manage an in-patient discharge
Weekend ward round Conduct a weekend ward round in the hospital
Late/night shift Take a late/night shift (supervising physician available via telephone)