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Table 3 Comparison of the effects of a course, blended with flipped classrooms, on students’a scores in wiki (n = 70) with non-wiki (n = 101) groups

From: Assessment of the effect of application of an educational wiki in flipped classroom on students’ achievement and satisfaction

Result measure Group Mean ± SDc Normal Range of mean Mean Rank Significance
Number of e-contents, downloaded and studied by students Wiki 10.90 ± 1.00 0 to12 96.23 0.019
Non-wiki 10.51 ± 1.08 78.91
Score of the quiz at the beginning of the class Wiki 3.36 ± 0.78 0 to 5 90.79 0.243
Non-wiki 3.22 ± 0.72 82.68
Score of the quiz at the end of the class Wiki 4.09 ± 0.65 0 to 5 92.24 0.118
Non-wiki 3.93 ± 0.62 81.67
Score of the quantity of the participation in doing the group assignment Wiki 3.54 ± 0.50 0 to 5 b119.60 < 0. 001e
Non-wiki 2.67 ± 0.57 b 62.71
Score of the quality of the participation in doing the group assignment Wiki 4.11 ± 0.65 0 to 5 b 125.61 < 0. 001 e
Non-wiki 2.86 ± 0.66 b 58.54
Final exam score Wiki 16.59 ± 1.04 0 to 20 b 124.76 < 0. 001 e
Non-wiki 14.52 ± 1.38 b 59.13
Score of competency in writing an outline and topic sentences for a hypothetical title Wiki 16.51 ± 1.32 0 to 20 b 132.11 < 0. 001 e
Non-wiki 12.25 ± 2.35 b 54.04
Score of satisfaction with uploaded e-contents Wiki 7.36 ± 1.38 2 to 10 84.10 0.665
Non-wiki 7.42 ± 1.50 87.32
Score of satisfaction with forum activities Wiki 5.36 ± 1.10 2 to 10 90.05 0.353
Non-wiki 5.24 ± 1.04 83.19
Score of satisfaction with flipped classrooms Wiki 19.83 ± 1.58 5 to 25 95.76 0.028d
Non-wiki 19.35 ± 1.49 79.23
Score of satisfaction with group assignment Wiki 7.76 ± 1.41 2 to 10 b 126.19 < 0. 001 e
Non-wiki 5.23 ± 1.25 b 58.14
Score of satisfaction with the whole course Wiki 40.30 ± 3.70 11 to 55 b 114.88 < 0. 001 e
Non-wiki 37.23 ± 3.00 b 65.99
Score of the attitudes towards the worth of the group assignment Wiki 18.61 ± 3.46 5 to 25 b 125.34 < 0. 001 e
Non-wiki 13.20 ± 2.26 b 58.73
  1. a Master students in medical school, who did their group assignment during a semester based on a wiki or face-to- fact collaboration
  2. b Variables, whose distribution was not normal
  3. cAbout variables, whose distribution was not normal, Mean ± SDs are written just for the ease of the comparison
  4. d Significance of independent samples t test
  5. e Significance of Mann-Whitney U test