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Table 1 – “Carrying out qualitative research: an opportunity for health professionals” syllabus (excerpt)

From: Health professionals learning qualitative research in their workplace: a focused ethnography

#Phase and month Content Activity Didactic method Expected output
#1month 1 Introduction to qualitative research and GT, along with the value of the research question Teachers explain how to define a GT research question and trainees write a possible one Lecture Drafting a research question
#2month 1 Is my research question new? Every trainee performs a literature search Individual work Redefinition of the research question
#2month 1 The research question in GT Teachers discuss each research question, and choose the three that are correct and most feasible Class discussion, guided by teachers Formation of three research groups and definition of the PI
#2month 2 The groups’ research questions Each group, guided by PI, re-defines the research question Group discussion without teachers Reaching an agreement
#2month 2 The groups’ research questions Each group PI explains and discusses the final version of the research question Class discussion, guided by teachers Redefinition of the research question
#2month 2 Writing a GT research protocol for the EC Teachers explain how to write a GT research protocol and the local EC requests Lecture Definition of the protocol contents
#2month 2 The qualitative interview Every trainee studies material about qualitative interviewing and keeps writing the research protocol Individual work Drafting possible themes for the interview
#2month 3 The qualitative interview guide Teachers counsel each group regarding the proposed interviews Group discussion with teachers Shared definition of the interview guide
#2month 3 Open coding Teachers explain what GT coding is and invite each group to open code an interview sample Class work, tutored by teachers Completion of the interview open coding
#2month 3 Focused coding and the inter-coders’ agreement Teachers invite each group to reach an agreement on the focused coding of the interview sample Group work, tutored by teachers Reaching an understanding of focused coding
#2month 3 Ethical aspect of qualitative research Teachers explain how to accomplish research ethics and provide information about the documentation to be presented to the EC Lecture Writing informed consent and collecting the documentation requested by the EC
#2month 4 Writing the research protocol Each group finalizes the writing of the protocol Individual and group work Submission of the research protocols to the EC
#3month 7 The initial sampling Each group gets access to the field and collects the first interviews Individual and group work Having at least 7 interviews conducted and transcribed
#4month 8 Open coding Each group codes the first interviews Individual and group work, tutored by teachers Open codes
#4month 9 Focused coding Each group discusses the provisional focused coding with teachers Group work, tutored by teachers Definition of focused categories. Each group keeps interviewing and coding
# 5month 9 Theoretical sampling and saturation Teachers define the method for following the theoretical sampling with trainees and explain saturation Lecture and group work, tutored by teachers Definition of the final sample characteristics
# 5month 10 Final data collection and analysis Each group performs focused coding on the data collected Individual and group work, tutored by teachers Reaching saturation
#5month 11 Theoretical coding Teachers explain theoretical coding and the procedure for working theoretically with the data Lecture and group work, tutored by teachers Drafting the theoretical model
#6month 11 Findings Each PI reports the findings Class discussion, guided by teachers Having the findings validated by colleagues
#6month 12 Writing the report Each group writes the final research report and documents the steps of the research process for the EC Individual and group work, tutored by teachers Having 3 reports written