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Table 2 Mean scores for the Likert-scale statements by domain, arranged from highest to lowest mean score

From: Perceptions and processes influencing the transition of medical students from pre-clinical to clinical training

Statement Mean SD A (%) N (%) D (%)
Domain 1: Transition and Professional Socialization 3.4     
Collaboration with other medical students on clinical placement/rotation was easy 4.0 0.9 81 13 6
A general introduction should be provided to all new medical students on clinical placement/rotation 4.0 0.8 78 19 4
A good introduction would make the transition easier 3.9 0.9 74 20 6
I enjoyed the first few weeks 3.8 0.9 77 11 11
My first clinical placement/rotation proved to be better than I expected 3.8 0.9 73 17 10
The clinical staff were easy to work with 3.8 0.8 71 22 7
The introduction into the clinical placement/rotation was satisfactory 3.5 0.8 59 29 12
I felt ready to begin clinical training 3.5 0.9 55 33 13
My uncertainty lasted only a few days 3.3 1.2 48 29 23
The transition from pre-clinical to clinical training went smoothly 3.2 1.0 45 29 26
I needed time to adjust to the new environment 3.8 1.0 70 17 13
I was nervous at the beginning of the clinical placement/rotation 3.7 1.0 68 17 15
I felt well prepared for clinical training 3.2 0.9 44 35 21
I experienced an abrupt transition from pre-clinical to clinical training 3.2 1.1 44 26 31
I experienced a great deal of stress 3.2 1.2 42 26 33
I was very uncertain at the beginning of the clinical placements 3.1 1.1 42 24 34
This was the first time I experienced what it is like to work as a doctor 2.9 1.2 36 21 43
The first few weeks on clinical placement/rotation were difficult for me 2.8 1.0 29 26 45
I have considered quitting medical school 2.6 1.4 31 14 56
Domain 2: Workload 3.3     
There is a huge difference between my workload before and after the transition to clinical training 3.6 1.0 61 21 19
The workload of medical students on clinical placement/rotation is heavy 3.5 0.9 59 24 18
So far clinical placement/rotations have been tiring 3.5 0.9 58 26 16
I had difficulty getting used to the work routine 3.1 1.1 39 24 37
As a medical student on clinical placement/rotation I have to work very long hours 3.0 1.0 33 32 35
As a medical student on clinical placement/rotation I have enough time to study 2.9 1.0 36 28 36
Domain 3: Patient Contact 3.1     
The knowledge that I acquire from contact with real patients is easier to retain 4.3 0.8 89 8 3
Contact with real patients is easy for me 3.9 0.8 76 18 6
Contact with real patients stimulates me to study 3.9 0.9 74 20 6
I would have liked real patient contact earlier in the curriculum 3.8 1.0 64 25 11
I think patients feel uncomfortable when they are examined by a student 2.6 1.0 22 28 50
My first contact with real patients was during the clinical placement/rotations 2.2 1.2 22 4 74
I feel uncomfortable when I examine a patient 2.2 1.0 14 17 69
I am afraid to start a conversation with a patient 1.9 0.9 7 13 80
Domain 4: Knowledge, knowledge application, and skills 3.6     
I am able to do a full physical examination 4.2 0.6 93 7 1
I am able to take a history 4.1 0.7 88 10 2
I am able to do a physical examination 4.0 0.6 86 11 3
In clinical practice other aspects of knowledge are important than during pre-clinical training 4.0 0.7 76 23 1
I am able to apply my knowledge in practice 3.8 0.6 78 19 3
The knowledge required in clinical practice is different from my theoretical knowledge 3.7 0.9 68 22 10
I felt well prepared to perform medical technical skills 3.7 1.0 67 18 15
There are gaps in my knowledge 4.2 0.8 87 9 4
The knowledge I acquired during the pre-clinical phase is relevant for the clinical phase 3.7 0.9 66 24 10
I have sufficient clinical science knowledge 3.7 0.9 50 35 15
I feel confident about the findings from history and physical examination 3.6 0.7 58 35 7
I have sufficient behavioural science knowledge 3.4 0.9 53 27 19
When I do a history and physical examination, the findings are checked by clinical staff 3.3 1.2 50 23 28
I have sufficient basic science knowledge 3.3 0.8 46 32 22
I have the appropriate knowledge readily available 3.3 0.8 46 37 17
I felt well prepared for clinical skill performance 3.2 0.8 40 43 17
I felt well prepared with respect to communication skills 3.2 0.9 40 36 24
I was sufficiently prepared for the clinical placement/rotations as regards theoretical knowledge 3.1 0.9 36 35 29
The level of my knowledge is sufficient 3.1 0.9 36 41 24
I have difficulty recognising pathological symptoms 2.6 0.9 19 29 53
Domain 5: Learning and Education 3.9     
Junior medical doctors are good teachers 4.4 0.7 92 7 1
Senior medical students are good teachers 4.4 0.6 92 8 0
I learned a lot from real patient tutorials 4.3 0.6 94 5 1
Real patient tutorials were good preparation for the clinical placement/rotation 4.3 0.6 92 7 1
In clinical practice I study in a different way 4.2 0.7 91 8 2
You can learn a lot from bedside teaching 4.2 0.8 83 12 4
The knowledge I acquire in clinical practice is easier to remember 4.1 0.7 88 9 3
Case based learning provided good preparation for clinical practice 4.1 0.7 86 12 2
I am able to study independently 4.1 0.9 84 9 7
I learned a lot from the tutorial meetings in which the simulated patient contacts were discussed 4.0 0.7 80 18 2
Volunteer simulated patient contacts were good preparation for contact with real patient 4.0 0.8 79 16 5
I need to study because I have forgotten a good deal of my theoretical knowledge 4.0 0.9 75 19 7
I learned a lot from simulated patient contacts 3.9 0.8 75 19 6
Senior medical doctors are good teachers 3.9 0.8 75 18 7
I study in a different way in clinical practice than during my first years in medical school 3.8 1.0 73 12 16
You can learn a lot from the handover of patients 3.8 0.9 68 21 11
I study more intensively than before the clinical placement/rotations 3.7 1.0 64 18 18
I study to learn the things that I want to know 3.7 0.9 63 26 11
It is easy for me to obtain experiences from which I can learn 3.6 1.0 61 27 12
What I study is influenced by the assessment program 3.6 1.0 64 18 18
I study primarily for tests and examinations 3.4 1.1 49 27 25
The first years in medical school were relevant for clinical practice 3.3 1.0 51 29 20
My learning is driven by questions from clinical staff 3.3 1.0 49 30 21
What I study depends on the problems I have encountered that day 3.3 0.9 48 28 25
I am able to judge my own progress 3.2 1.0 44 30 25
Additional Items      
My first semester of clinical work reassured me that I had made the right choice of vocation/career 4.0 0.85 75 21 4
I enjoy studying in a group setting 3.6 0.98 61 27 12
  1. A Agree, N Neutral, D Disagree