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Table 3 Correlations of the components of the Patient Note Scoring and Clinical Reasoning Task instruments in 16 SOAP notes

From: Empirical comparison of three assessment instruments of clinical reasoning capability in 230 medical students

  Documentation of History and Physical Exam Differential Diagnosis Workup
Identify active issues r = 0.233 p = 0.38 r = 0.29 p = 0.27 r = 0.329 p = 0.21
Consider alternative diagnoses and underlying cause(s) r = 0.219 p = 0.41 r = 0.091 p = 0.737 r = − 0.63 p = 0.63
Identify precipitants or triggers to the current problem(s) r = 0.047 p = 0.86 r = − 0.291 p = 0.27 r = 0.052 p = 0.84
Select diagnostic investigations r = 0.141 p = 0.60 r = 0.556* p = 0.025 r = 0.462 p = 0.07
Determine the most likely diagnosis and underlying cause(s) r = 0.177 p = 0.51 r = 0.123 p = 0.65 r = 0.22 p = 0.41
Identify modifiable risk factors r = − 0.233 p = 0.38 r = 0.097 p = 0.72 r = 0.052 p = 0.84
Identify complications associated with the diagnosis, diagnostic investigations, or treatment r = − 0.184 p = 0.495 r = − 0.164 p = 0.544 r = 0.068 p = 0.80
Explore physical and psychosocial consequences of the current medical conditions or treatment r = 0.314 p = 0.23 r = − 0.131 p = 0.62 r = 0.07 p = 0.79
Establish goals of care r = 0.304 p = 0.25 r = − 0.21 p = 0.43 r = 0.038 p = 0.89
Establish management plans r = 0.288 p = 0.27 r = 0.135 p = 0.61 r = 0.073 p = 0.78
Determine follow-up and consultation strategies r = 0.631** p = 0.009 r = 0 p = 1 r = 0.561* p = 0.041
  1. ** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed)
  2. * Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed)