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Table 4 Logistic regression analyses comparing clinical reasoning skills between intervention and control groups

From: Online patient simulation training to improve clinical reasoning: a feasibility randomised controlled trial

Observed clinical reasoning skillsa Trial group n Mean (SD) Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value
Essential information identifiedb Intervention 78 61.6% (17.6)   
Control 70 53.3% (15.8)   
    1.40 (1.12, 1.75) 0.003*
Relevance of history takingc Intervention 78 81.4% (10.5)   
Control 70 84.6% (10.6)   
    0.79 (0.62, 1.01) 0.064d
Flexibility in diagnosese Intervention 78 3.2 (1.0)   
Control 70 3.0 (1.0)   
   2 (base)   
   3 1.48 (0.68, 3.24) 0.323
   4 1.63 (0.68, 3.92) 0.270
   5 2.46 (0.55, 11.00) 0.239
   6 1.77 (0.07, 20.76) 0.887f
  1. aMeasured by students’ performance on a patient case delivered by eCREST
  2. bPercentage of essential information from gathered from patient case out of possible essential information available
  3. cPercentage of relevant information from gathered from patient case out of all information student gathered
  4. dχ2 (1) =3.44
  5. eNumber of times changed diagnosis
  6. fχ2 (4) =2.24, p = 0.692
  7. *indicates p ≤ 0.05