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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics for Evaluated Assessment Items (N = 173)

From: Evaluation of the effect of items’ format and type on psychometric properties of sixth year pharmacy students clinical clerkship assessment items

VariableNo. (%)
Format
 Case based item134 (77.5)
 Non-case based item39 (22.5)
Type/Structure
 Open-ended/essay item98 (56.6)
 Multiple choice item75 (43.4)
Number of Choices*
 2 (True/False)11 (14.7)
 33 (4)
 433 (44)
 528 (37.3)
Bloom’s level
 Remembering and Understanding Skills60 (34.7)
 Analysis skills57 (32.9)
 Application Skills28 (16.2)
 Evaluation and Creation Skills28 (16.2)
Difficulty Index (Difficulty) Levels1
 Difficult (Difficulty< 20%)6 (3.5)
 Acceptable/Good (20% ≤ Difficulty< 50%)29 (16.7)
 Excellent (50 ≤ Difficulty< 80%)93 (53.8)
 Easy/Poor (Difficulty≥80%)45 (26)
Discriminating Index (Discrimination) Levels1
 Poor/Flawed (Discrimination< 0)5 (2.9)
 Poor (0 ≤ Discrimination<.2)36 (20.8)
 Acceptable (.2 ≤ Discrimination<.3)40 (23.1)
 Good (.3 ≤ Discrimination<.4)39 (22.5)
 Excellent (Discrimination≥.4)53 (30.6)
Point-Biserial Levels2
 Poor/Flawed (Point biserial < 0)14 (8.1)
 Poor (0 ≤ Point biserial <.15)28 (16.2)
 Recommended (.15 ≤ Point biserial <.25)28 (16.2)
 Good (Point biserial ≥.25)103 (59.5)
  1. * Percent relative to MCQs count