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Table 3 Mean score (SD) for each DES category by year of study

From: Stress and its association with academic performance among dental undergraduate students in Fujian, China: a cross-sectional online questionnaire survey

DES category Year of study P-value
First year Second year Third year Fourth year
Social stressors 13.67 (6.01) 14.54 (6.11) 12.45 (6.07) 13.84 (6.16) 0.149
Faculty and administration 8.30 (4.45) 9.20 (4.17) 9.38 (4.01) 9.89 (3.74) 0.083
Workload 9.51 (4.63) 10.60 (5.19) 10.95 (3.94) 11.69 (4.01) 0.015 (4 > 1,2,3)
Self-efficacy beliefs 8.63 (4.07) 9.56 (3.78) 10.33 (3.95) 9.04 (3.15) 0.020 (2,3,4 > 1)
Performance pressure 8.51 (4.41) 9.36 (4.52) 9.84 (3.51) 10.11 (3.89) 0.060
Total score 49.20 (19.47) 52.55 (19.76) 52.64 (17.66) 54.57 (16.96) 0.306
  1. > indicates statistical significance (P < 0.05)