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Table 5 Student Survey Responses Related to Use of tEMR in Pharmacy Educationa

From: Pharmacy students’ perspectives on the initial implementation of a teaching electronic medical record: results from a mixed-methods assessment

Domain/survey itemnRating Median (IQR)aStrongly Disagree %Disagree %Somewhat Disagree %Neither Agree/Disagree %Somewhat Agree %Agree %Strongly Agree %
Pharmacy Practice Skills
 The tEMR training I received was effective.1545 (2)1.35.814.23.936.133.54.5
 The tEMR training (instructor guidance, online materials, etc.) was available to me at the time that I needed it.1566 (1)1.93.95.85.219.451.612.3
System Quality (SQ)
 I am satisfied with the use of the tEMR system for student learning.1555 (3)1.910.318.76.532.924.55.2
 I am satisfied with the tEMR system for finding relevant patient information.1555 (3)5.211.017.47.731.024.53.2
 I am satisfied with the quality of the tEMR’s clinical content for my learning.1555 (2)1.36.510.39.738.129.74.5
 I am satisfied with the tEMR’s learning relatedfunctions (e.g., external resources, contact support, tEMR tutorials).1555 (2)1.99.712.325.821.925.82.6
Perceived Self-Efficacy (PSE)
 Overall, I feel confident using the tEMR for my pharmacy classes and laboratories.1545 (2)1.37.112.37.140.926.05.2
 Overall, I feel confident using the tEMR to work on clinical scenarios.1555 (2)1.98.412.38.441.324.53.2
 After using the tEMR, overall, I feel more confident in my ability to use real electronic medical records (EMRs) as a pharmacist.1555 (2)2.67.16.510.333.534.85.2
Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU)
 The on-screen instructions provided by the tEMR are clear.1555 (3)3.29.717.410.334.822.61.9
 Completing tasks with the tEMR requires minimal mental effort.1553 (3)10.320.025.88.422.612.30.6
 I found it easy to get the tEMR to do what I want it to do.1553 (3)11.018.121.912.921.912.31.9
 When working on activities, I found it easy to locate: patient(s)1556 (1)02.601.39.749.736.8
 When working on activities, I found it easy to locate: patient information1545 (1)1.97.89.12.635.137.75.8
 When working on activities, I found it easy to locate: pertinent lab values1555 (3)0.612.314.27.730.334.20.6
 When working on activities, I found it easy to locate: patient medication1555 (3)3.215.517.47.130.323.23.2
Facilitating conditions (FC)
 It was easy to learn how to use the tEMR.1545 (2)5.212.318.28.433.819.52.6
 A specific person/group is available for assistance with any difficulties related with tEMR use.1544 (2)3.917.510.429.918.217.52.6
Perceived Usefulness (PU)
 I find the tEMR to be useful for learning.1545 (1)1.39.75.87.830.535.79.1
 Using the tEMR enhances my learning in classes and laboratories.1545 (2)3.29.73.29.126.040.97.8
 Using the tEMR better prepares me for IPPEs.1535 (2)2.09.83.915.728.831.48.5
 Using the tEMR better prepares me for my APPEs/p4 professional year.1545 (2)*1.97.13.921.421.436.47.8
 Using the tEMR improves my pharmacy skills.1545 (2)1.98.45.213.631.831.87.1
 The tEMR has all the functions and capabilities I expect it to have.1545 (2)5.811.715.614.927.922.11.9
Attitude toward Using (ATT)
 I think it is worthwhile to use the tEMR for my learning activities.1546 (2)2.08.59.25.923.541.29.8
 I think it is preferable to use the tEMR rather than traditional, paper-based activities1536 (2)6.57.26.59.819.626.823.5
 In my opinion, it is desirable to use the tEMR for academic purposes.1536 (2)2.06.57.210.523.535.315.0
 I have a generally favorable attitude toward using the tEMR for my learning activities.1535 (3)*4.610.513.16.526.132.76.5
Behavioral Intention to Use (BI)
 If given a choice, I intend to use the tEMR in the future.1545 (3)8.413.010.416.220.827.93.2
 If given a choice, I intend to use the tEMR as often as possible.1544 (3)13.614.918.222.716.911.71.9
  1. Abbreviations: IQR Interquartile range
  2. aMedian (IQR) analysis for Likert scale items included all response ratings with 1 = strongly disagree and 7 = strongly agree; 8 = N/A
  3. * Significant difference in ratings between pharmacy class responses; p < 0.05