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Table 4 Student survey responses related to use of the tEMR in pharmacy education

From: Pharmacy students’ perspectives on the initial implementation of a teaching electronic medical record: results from a mixed-methods assessment

Survey ItemResponse Optionsn (%)
What training, if any, did you receive for the teaching electronic medical record (tEMR)? [Select all that apply]Class instructor(s) provided guidance134 (85.9)
Completed online quiz on Blackboard109 (69.9)
Watched online videos121 (77.6)
tEMR BINGO30 (19.2)
None1 (0.6)
Othera3 (1.9)
What best describes your experience using the tEMR during the 2017–2018 academic year? (n = 156)I was asked to use the tEMR, but NEVER actually used it.2 (1.3)
I directly viewed/used but did not directly enter information in the tEMR.136 (87.2)
I directly viewed AND entered information in tEMR.18 (11.5)
Overall, about how often did you use the tEMR during the 2017–2018 academic year?** (n = 155)Daily0
Weekly15 (9.6)
Monthly60 (38.7)
A few times80 (51.6)
None0
Overall, about how often did you use the tEMR during the 2017–2018 academic year?** (n = 155)View medication history154 (98.7)
Assess medication related problems (MRPs)126 (80.8)
Review medication allergies140 (89.7)
Medication reconciliation98 (62.8)
Assess medication adherence88 (56.4)
Simulate communicating MRPs with health professional68 (43.6)
Assess cost-benefit, formulary, and/or epidemiology principles to medication-related decisions13 (8.3)
Verify medication orders38 (24.4)
I have used the tEMR for the following medication-related activities:**b [Select all that apply]View medication history77 (49.4)
Assess medication related problems (MRPs)74 (47.4)
Review medication allergies49 (31.4)
Medication reconciliation71 (45.5)
Assess medication adherence70 (44.9)
Simulate communicating MRPs with health professional57 (36.5)
Assess cost-benefit, formulary, and/or epidemiology principles to medication-related decisions70 (44.9)
Verify medication orders40 (25.6)
The tEMR does NOT need to be improved for medication-related activities15 (9.6)
I also used the tEMR for these other activities:b [Select all that apply]View a MEDICAL history139 (89.1)
Determine a patient’s health-related needs104 (66.7)
Interpret laboratory test results141 (90.4)
Assess problems NOT related to medications68 (43.6)
Simulate a handoff or transition of care26 (16.7)
Assess or document immunizations19 (12.2)
Write a note for patient documentation46 (29.5)
Document other patient-specific information21 (13.5)
I did NOT use the tEMR for any other activities3 (1.9)
The tEMR needs to be improved to effectively support these other activities:b [Select all that apply]View a MEDICAL history62 (39.7)
Determine a patient’s health-related needs53 (34.0)
Interpret laboratory test results46 (29.5)
Assess problems NOT related to medications54 (34.6)
Simulate a handoff or transition of care57 (36.5)
Assess or document immunizations56 (35.9)
Write a note for patient documentation58 (37.2)
Document other patient-specific information43 (27.6)
The tEMR does NOT need to be improved for any other activities23 (14.7)
  1. aOther text included “lab and case studies” and “practicing with MDs’ cases in lab”
  2. bTransformed into continuous variable by computing a total count of choices selected to determine any statistically significant difference between pharmacy class responses
  3. ** Significant difference between pharmacy class responses; p < 0.001