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Table 1 Demographics of Pharmacy Students that Responded to the Survey

From: Pharmacy students’ perspectives on the initial implementation of a teaching electronic medical record: results from a mixed-methods assessment

CharacteristicFirst year
n = 47
Second year
n = 55
Third year
n = 54
Overall
N = 156
Age in years, mean(SD)*21.7 (2.7)c23.5 (4.9)d23.5 (1.2)23.0 (3.4)e
Gender, n (%) female31 (66.0)42 (77.8)42 (79.2)115 (74.7)
Length of prior clinical EMR/EHR(s) exposure in a clinical setting*, n d,f (%)   152 (97.4)
 None26 (55.3)30 (55.6)2 (3.8)58 (37.7)
 Less than 3 months8 (17.0)8 (14.8)27 (50.9)43 (27.9)
 4 to 6 months6 (12.8)2 (3.7)8 (15.1)16 (10.4)
 7 months to 1 year1 (2.1)7 (13.0)4 (7.5)12 (7.8)
 More than 1 year but less than 2 years3 (6.4)5 (9.3)8 (15.1)16 (10.4)
 2 years or more3 (6.4)2 (3.7)4 (7.5)9 (5.8)
Experience using any type of EMR*, n (%)13 (27.7)22 (40.7)50 (94.0)85 (55.2)
Type of EMR used, n (%)
 Epic6 (12.8)5 (9.1)28 (51.9)39 (25.0)
 Cerner2 (4.2)4 (7.3)21 (38.2)27 (17.3)
 McKesson4 (8.5)7 (12.7)11 (20.3)22 (14.1)
 MEDITECH3 (6.4)1 (1.8)10 (18.2)14 (9.0)
 Othera06 (10.9)7 (13.0)13 (8.3)
Intended practice type after graduation, n (%)   154 (98.7)
 Industry5 (10.6)3 (5.6)4 (7.5)12 (7.8)
 Ambulatory care7 (14.9)10 (18.5)12 (22.6)29 (18.8)
 Hospital-based pharmacy17 (36.2)9 (16.7)14 (26.4)40 (26.0)
 Community pharmacy3 (6.4)8 (14.8)16 (30.2)27 (17.5)
 Independent pharmacy02 (3.7)1 (1.9)3 (1.9)
 Research01 (1.9)01 (0.6)
 Unsure14 (29.8)16 (29.6)5 (9.4)35 (22.7)
 Otherd1 (2.1)5 (9.3)1 (1.9)7 (4.5)
  1. * Significant difference between pharmacy class responses; p < 0.001
  2. aOther EMRs used included CPSI, Athena, Mayo Clinic – Mick’s Last Word, VA/DOD system, Sunrise Clinical
  3. Manager
  4. bOther practice types included Academia, Long-term Care, Nuclear, Psychiatric, Veterinary
  5. cFor first-year students, n = 46 for this item
  6. dFor second-year students, n = 52 for this item
  7. eFor overall results, n = 151 for this item
  8. fFor overall results, n = 152 for this item