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Table 4 Exploration of associations using the Chi square test (or Fisher’s exact test) between perceived competency level for the seven roles with time since graduation and supervision of trainee/interns

From: What occupational therapists’ say about their competencies’ enactment, maintenance and development in practice? A two-phase mixed methods study

Perceived competency level Time since graduation Preceptor role
Less than one year
n (%)
One year and more
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
No
n (%)
Expert in Enabling Occupation (N = 304)
 Very high 5 (8.6) 34 (13.8) 23 (21.9) 16 (8.0)
 High 12 (20.7) 91 (37.0) 43 (41.0) 60 (30.2)
 Adequate 37(63.8) 115 (46.7) 38 (36.2) 114 (57.3)
 Borderline 4 (6.9) 5 (2.0) 1 (0.9) 8 (4.0)
 Inadequate 0 1 (0.5) 0 1 (0.5)
 I don’t know 0 0 0 0
  pvalue = 0.02 pvalue < 0.001
Communicator (N = 303)
 Very high 5 (8.6) 44 (18.0) 29 (27.6) 20 (10.1)
 High 25 (43.1) 99 (40.4) 40 (38.1 84 (42.4)
 Adequate 26 (44.8) 95 (38.8) 35 (33.3) 86 (43.4)
 Borderline 2 (3.5) 7 (2.8) 1 (1.0) 8 (4.1)
 Inadequate 0 0 0 0
 I don’t know 0 0 0 0
  p value = 0.33* pvalue = 0.001
Collaborator (N = 303)
 Very high 10 (17.2) 62 (25.3) 35 (33.3) 37 (18.7)
 High 35 (60.3) 126 (51.4) 50 (47.6) 111 (56.1)
 Adequate 12 (20.7) 51 (20.8) 19 (18.1) 44 (22.2)
 Borderline 1 (1.8) 4 (1.6) 0 5 (2.5)
 Inadequate 0 0 0 0
 I don’t know 0 2 (0.9) 1 (1.0) 1 (0.5)
  p value = 0.67* pvalue = 0.02*
Practice Manager (N = 304)
 Very high 7 (12.1) 22 (8.9) 15 (14.3) 14 (7.0)
 High 22 (37.9) 79 (32.1) 35 (33.3) 66 (33.2)
 Adequate 25 (43.1) 117 (47.6) 46 (43.8) 96 (48.2)
 Borderline 3 (5.2) 27 (11.0) 9 (8.6) 21 (10.6)
 Inadequate 0 1 (0.4) 0 1 (0.5)
 I don’t know 1 (1.7) 0 0 1 (0.5)
  p value = 0.25* p value = 0.37
Change Agent (N = 303)
 Very high 0 18 (7.3) 7 (6.7) 11 (5.6)
 High 8 (14.0) 57 (23.2) 28 (26.7) 37 (18.7)
 Adequate 27 (47.4) 128 (52.0) 57 (54.3) 98 (49.5)
 Borderline 20 (35.0) 40 (16.3) 11 (10.5) 49 (24.7)
 Inadequate 1 (1.8) 2 (0.8) 1 (0.9) 2 (1.0)
 I don’t know 1 (1.8) 1 (0.4) 1 (0.9) 1 (0.5)
  pvalue = 0.003* pvalue = 0.04*
Scholarly Practitioner (N = 303)
 Very high 2 (3.4) 11 (4.5) 6 (5.7) 7 (3.5)
 High 13 (22.4) 66 (26.9) 38 (36.2) 41 (20.7)
 Adequate 26 (44.8) 132 (53.9) 46 (43.8) 112 (56.6)
 Borderline 17 (29.4) 33 (13.5) 14 (13.3) 36 (18.2)
 Inadequate 0 2 (0.8) 1 (1.0) 1 (0.5)
 I don’t know 0 1 (0.4) 0 1 (0.5)
  p value = 0.13* pvalue = 0.03*
Professional (N = 304)
 Very high 12 (20.7) 68 (27.6) 30 (28.6) 50 (25.1)
 High 30 (51.7) 119 (48.4) 56 (53.3) 93 (46.7)
 Adequate 16 (27.6) 58 (23.6) 19 (18.1) 55 (27.6)
 Borderline 0 1 (0.4) 0 1 (0.6)
 Inadequate 0 0 0 0
 I don’t know 0 0 0 0
  p value = 0.62* p value = 0.23*
  1. * Fisher’s exact test is reported as its p value differed from Chi square p value and more than 20% of cells have expected frequencies < 5