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Table 2 Preceptor competency and assessment in health professions

From: Measuring and assessing the competencies of preceptors in health professions: a systematic scoping review

Competency with identified measures of performance GRADE CERQual Confidence in evidence Assessment measure Setting
-Effective communication skills
[8,9,10,11, 24, 25, 29,30,31,32,33, 42, 45, 47,48,49, 53, 57, 59, 60]
Moderate to high Peer observed practice [30, 33, 42, 59]
Peer observed simulation [31]
Medicine [31, 59] Nursing [42]
Pharmacy [30, 33]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [26, 43, 53, 57] Nursing [43]
Pharmacy [26, 53, 57]
Preceptee survey [8, 26, 33, 53, 57] Nursing [8]
Pharmacy [26, 33, 53, 57]
-Role model practitioner [8,9,10, 24, 25, 29, 30, 32, 33, 41,42,43,44, 46, 48, 49, 58, 59] Moderate to high Peer observed practice [30, 33, 36, 42, 59] Medicine [59]
Nursing [42]
Pharmacy [30, 33, 36]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [26, 36, 43] Nursing [43]
Pharmacy [26, 36]
Preceptee survey [8, 26, 36, 46] Medicine [46]
Nursing [8]
Pharmacy [26, 36]
-Adapts to the learning needs of students [10, 11, 30, 37, 44, 47, 58, 59] Moderate to high Peer observed practice [30, 31, 42, 59]
Peer observed simulation [55]
Medicine [31, 55, 59]
Nursing [42]
Pharmacy [30]
-Commitment to excellence in teaching [8, 9, 11, 29, 30, 32, 42,43,44] Moderate Peer observed practice [30, 42] Nursing [42]
Pharmacy [30]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [43] Nursing [43]
Preceptee survey [8] Nursing [8]
-Demonstrates respect for the learner [42, 46, 47, 59] Moderate Peer observed practice [42, 59] Medicine [59]
Nursing [42]
Preceptee survey [46, 54] Medicine [46, 54]
Demonstrate reflective practice [8, 10, 11, 32] Moderate Preceptee survey [8] Nursing [8]
Effective provision of feedback [9,10,11, 26, 32, 36, 42, 52, 55] Moderate Peer observed practice [36, 42]
Peer observed simulation [55]
Nursing [42]
Medicine [55]
Pharmacy [36]
Preceptee survey [26, 36] Pharmacy [26, 36]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [26, 36] Pharmacy [26, 36]
Demonstrate reflective practice [10, 11, 29, 32] Moderate Peer observed practice [42] Nursing [42]
Preceptee survey [8] Nursing [8]
-Facilitate critical thinking, problem solving and decision-making development [8, 11, 30, 32, 41, 53, 55, 57, 59] Moderate Peer observed practice [30, 59]
Peer observed simulation [55]
Medicine [55, 59]
Pharmacy [30]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [53] Pharmacy [53]
Preceptee survey [8, 53, 57] Nursing [8]
Pharmacy [53, 57]
-Encourage self-directed learning [9, 52, 54, 56] Moderate Preceptee survey [52, 54] Medicine [52, 54]
-Leadership and management skills [9, 25] Low-moderate   
Skills of effective preceptors without indicators of performance identified. GRADE CERQual Confidence in evidence Assessment measure Setting
-Organised and ability to prioritize [32, 33, 42, 43] Moderate Peer observed practice [33, 42] Nursing [42]
Pharmacy [33]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [43] Nursing [43]
-Empathetic
[27, 30, 32, 41, 47]
Moderate Peer observed practice [30] Pharmacy [30]
-Ethical
[31, 32, 42]
Moderate Peer observed practice [31, 42] Nursing [42]
Medicine [31]
-Approachable and flexible
[26, 30, 42, 45,46,47]
Moderate Peer observed practice [30, 42] Nursing [42]
Pharmacy [30]
Preceptee survey [26, 46] Medicine [46]
Pharmacy [26]
-Enthusiasm for teaching Preceptees
[32, 33, 36, 42, 43]
Moderate Peer observed practice [33, 36, 42] Nursing [42]
Pharmacy [33, 36]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [36, 43] Nursing [43]
Pharmacy [36]
Preceptee survey [36] Pharmacy [36]
-Open to receiving feedback
[26, 32, 36, 46]
Low Peer observed practice [36] Pharmacy [36]
Preceptor self-evaluation survey [26] Pharmacy [26]
Preceptee survey [26, 46] Medicine [46]
Pharmacy [26]