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Table 3 Gender equity in medical specialties

From: Gender differences in specialty preference among medical Students at Aleppo University: a cross-sectional study

 Male N(%)Female N(%)Totalp-value
In medicine:
 Men have superior advantage (men treated better) over women in all medical specialties12 (5)12 (4)24 (4)0.234
 Men have superior advantage (men treated better) over women in most medical specialties43 (18)60 (19)103 (18) 
 Women have superior advantage (women treated better) over men in all medical specialties2 (1)3 (1)5 (1) 
 Women have superior advantage (women treated better) over men in most medical specialties10 (4)3 (1)13 (2) 
 Women have superior advantage (women treated better) over men in some medical specialties; while men have superior advantage (men treated better) over women in some medical specialties. There is no advantage based on gender.108 (44)138 (44)248 (44) 
 There is no advantage based on gender.68 (28)97 (31)165 (30) 
Medical students should be able to pursue any medical specialty they want, regardless of their gender.
 Strongly support137 (56)186 (60)324 (58)0.193
 Somewhat support64 (26)83 (27)148 (27) 
 Somewhat oppose35 (14)40 (13)75 (13) 
 Strongly oppose7 (3)2 (1)9 (2) 
In your medical training, how often do you experience preferential treatment based on gender
 Every day/ several times per month56 (24)44 (14)100 (18)0.009a
 Once a month/ several times per year60 (25)73 (24)134 (25) 
 Once a year/ not at all120 (51)190 (62)311 (57) 
In your medical training, how often do you observe preferential treatment based on gender
 Every day/ several times per month113 (47)91 (30)204 (37)< 0.001a
 Once a month/ several times per year65 (27)98 (32)164 (30) 
 Once a year/ not at all60 (25)117 (38)178 (33) 
Do you feel more comfortable working with a mentor of the same gender? (yes)133 (55)154 (50)288 (52)0.277
Do you feel more comfortable working with a colleague of the same gender? (yes)161 (67)197 (64)359 (65)0.417
Do you feel more comfortable working with a patient of the same gender? (yes)120 (51)151 (50)272 (50)0.862
The conflict in this country has affected my choice of specialty. (yes)75 (31)61 (20)137 (25)0.005a
In my professional career:
 I have increased opportunities for professional advancement based on my gender64 (28)14 (5)78 (15)< 0.001a
 I have decreased opportunities for professional advancement based on my gender9 (4)97 (33)106 (20) 
 Gender plays no role in my professional advancement.156 (68)180 (62)338 (65) 
If you are currently married or plan to get married in the future, whose career takes/will take priority in the relationship?
 My career37 (15)11 (4)48 (9)< 0.0001a
 My partner’s career16 (7)24 (8)40 (7) 
 Both equally135 (56)238 (77)374 (68) 
 NA51 (21)37 (12)89 (16) 
Which of the following takes/will take priority in your life?
 Your career34 (14)17 (6)51 (9)< 0.0001a
 Your family and children50 (21)64 (21)114 (21) 
 Both equally123 (51)210 (68)334 (60) 
 NA34 (14)18 (6)53 (10) 
  1. aStatistically significant