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Table 2 Specialty preference

From: Gender differences in specialty preference among medical Students at Aleppo University: a cross-sectional study

 Male N(%)Female N(%)Totalp-value
Preferred Specialty
 Surgical specialties97 (40)46 (15)144 (26)< 0.0001a
 Internal medicine39 (16)49 (16)88 (16) 
 Pediatrics6 (2)28 (9)34 (6) 
 OB/GYN11 (5)33 (11)44 (8) 
 Other17 (7)54 (17)71 (13) 
 Not decided yet73 (30)103 (33)177 (32) 
Factors
 On-call schedule49 (20)104 (33)153 (27)0.0006a
 Hours of work77 (31)103 (33)180 (32)0.73
 Duration of residency84 (34)96 (31)182 (32)0.351
 Not requiring much physically exertion50 (20)129 (41)180 (32)< 0.0001a
 Balance between work and being a good parent/raising child94 (38)195 (62)290 (52)< 0.0001a
 I want to give time to my friends, family (spouse, parents, other family members) and hobbies.110 (45)162 (52)272 (48)0.116
 Anticipated income165 (67)135 (43)301 (54)< 0.0001a
 Prestige of that specialty/ specialty with high social status49 (20)42 (13)92 (16)0.035a
 A specialty that I like and find interesting175 (71)232 (74)409 (73)0.517
 Career prospects, specialty that would achieve my life goal111 (45)122 (39)233 (42)0.125
 Specialty in line with technical skills (that requires Talent for specific skill)86 (35)69 (22)156 (28)0.0006a
 Intellectual content of the specialty (Intellectual challenge)83 (34)81 (26)165 (29)0.037a
 Having a family member from that specialty10 (4)11 (4)21 (4)0.721
 Advice from family members20 (8)47 (15)67 (12)0.014a
 Advice from spouse/future spouse18 (7)41 (13)60 (11)0.029a
 Advice from mentor, a teacher22 (9)32 (10)54 (10)0.667
 Interaction with physicians from same gender18 (7)16 (5)35 (6)0.269
 Interaction with residents from same gender12 (5)17 (5)29 (5)0.785
 Type or gender of the patient in that specialty19 (8)34 (11)53 (9)0.219
 Less exposure to patients27 (11)17 (5)44 (8)0.015a
 I chose a specialty needed by the community (Community needs more experts in this specialty).98 (40)109 (35)208 (37)0.199
 Personal life experience59 (24)70 (22)129 (23)0.619
 The teachings of my religion/philosophy have a role in choosing this specialization.26 (11)50 (16)76 (14)0.069a
 Society view of physician gender in this specialty.22 (9)54 (17)76 (14)0.005a
 Personal values and ambition.115 (47)167 (53)283 (50)0.143
  1. aStatistically significant