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Table 2 Factors associated with three types of burnout: univariable models

From: Workplace resources, mentorship, and burnout in early career physician-scientists: a cross sectional study in Japan

 Personal burnoutaWork-related burnoutaPatient-related burnouta
EstimateSEPEstimateSEPEstimateSEP
Individual factor
 Female5.20 (0.54, 9.87)2.370.0291.27 (−2.77, 5.31)2.050.5371.00 (−3.09, 5.09)2.080.630
Age, years
 37 - vs. <  371.82 (−2.29, 5.93)2.090.3851.89 (−1.65, 5.42)1.800.2945.30 (1.75, 8.84)1.800.004
 Doctor of Medical Science1.94 (−2.61, 6.49)2.310.4000.43 (−3.49, 4.34)1.990.8311.98 (−1.98, 5.94)2.020.330
 Board certified specialist−2.30 (−9.60, 5.01)3.720.5402.76 (−3.55, 9.06)3.210.300−0.74 (−7.12, 5.63)3.240.820
 Specialty vs. Public Health or Basic medicine  0.556  0.442  0.378
 Surgery4.51 (−1.94, 10.96)3.280.1703.92 (−1.63, 9.46)2.820.1663.13 (−2.48, 8.74)2.860.274
 Internal Medicine4.23 (−2.23, 10.69)3.290.1993.90 (−1.65,9.46)2.830.1684.01 (−1.62, 9.63)2.860.162
 Other clinical departments3.06 (−5.48, 11.59)4.340.4815.44 (−1.90,12.78)3.730.1466.25 (−1.18, 13.68)3.780.100
 Married−2.96 (−8.84, 2.92)2.990.320−4.78 (−9.82, 0.27)2.570.064−1.90 (−7.03, 3.23)2.610.470
Amount of Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists ×100 US$(1$ = 100JPY)
 377 - vs. <  377−1.77 (−5.85, 2.31)2.070.395−2.59 (−6.10, 0.91)1.780.147−3.20 (−6.74, 0.35)1.800.077
 Research type vs. social sciences in medicine/others  0.735  0.162  0.417
 Basic medicine3.42 (−5.36,12.22)4.470.4436.78 (−0.78, 14.33)3.840.0793.89 (−3.80, 11.59)3.920.321
 Clinical medicine2.73 (−6.18, 11.64)4.530.5474.73 (−2.93, 12.40)3.900.2251.88 (−5.92, 9.69)3.970.635
 Average of weekly working hours0.05 (−0.06, 0.17)0.060.3700.11 (0.01, 0.20)0.050.0370.01 (−0.09, 0.11)0.050.860
 Household income US$(1$ = 100JPY) vs. < 100,000  0.704  0.236  0.835
  ≥ 200,000−3.23 (−10.77, 4.30)3.830.399−5.09 (−11.59, 1.40)3.310.1240.44 (−6.19, 7.06)3.370.897
 150,000-200,000−2.21 (−8.88, 4.46)3.390.515−5.85 (11.61, −0.09)2.930.046−0.40 (−6.27, 5.47)2.990.893
 100,000–150,000−3.58 (−9.74, 2.58)3.130.253−4.53 (−9.84, 0.79)2.700.095−1.67 (−7.09, 3.74)2.750.544
 Mentor−6.89 (−10.97, −2.81)2.080.001−6.72 (−10.21, −3.22)1.780.000−5.40 (−8.95, − 1.85)1.810.003
Workplace Resourcesb
 Organizational climatec−0.82 (− 1.57, − 0.08)0.380.031− 0.89 (− 1.53, − 0.25)0.320.007−0.74 (− 1.40, − 0.08)0.330.028
 Well-Being consultation servicesd− 1.10 (− 1.72, − 0.48)0.310.001−1.08 (− 1.61, − 0.55)0.27<.0001−0.61 (− 1.15, − 0.06)0.280.030
 A role modele−7.06 (− 11.16, − 2.30)2.080.001−5.82 (− 9.35, − 2.29)1.800.001− 4.54 (− 8.14, − 0.94)1.830.014
  1. aEach item was answered using a five-point Likert scale scoring: Always for 100, Often for 75, Sometimes for 50, Seldom for 25, and Never/almost never for 0. Total score on the scale is the average of the scores on the items (i.e., total score of each subscale is 100). bWorkplace Resources was asked starting with “Does your workplace have the following conditions....?” and response patterns were based on a five point Likert scale from ‘strongly disagree’ to ‘strongly agree.’ cOrganizational climate includes the presence of actions to promote gender equity and presence of career education. dWell-being consultation services measures if the workplace has an expert or a division for consultation on “career and work”, “research”, “harassment”, and/or “mental health”. eThe item measures if the workplace has a role model who can keep a perceived good balance of career and personal life and divided into a binary variable (agree vs. either “do not know” or “disagree”).