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Table 5 Student demographics (N = 1652)

From: Predictive validity of the National Benchmark Test and National Senior Certificate for the academic success of first-year medical students at one South African university

Variables2011201220132014201520162017
Race4
 Black71 (38.8%)136 (48.6%)104 (47.1%)99 (40.6%)97 (40.2%)110 (49.3%)115 (44.2%)
 White53 (29.0%)85 (30.4%)65 (29.4%)61 (25.0%)68 (28.2%)46 (20.6%)64 (24.6%)
 Coloured14 (7.7%)11 (3.9%)8 (3.6.0%)17 (7.0%)18 (7.5%)12 (5.4%)21 (8.1%)
 Indian42 (23.0%)45 (16.1%)43 (19.5%)65 (26.6%)56 (23.2%)55 (24.7%)60 (23.1%)
 Chinese3 (1.6%)3 (1.1%)1 (0.5%)2 (0.8%)2 (0.8%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)
Gender
 Male67 (37.0%)101 (36.0%)94 (42.5%)103 (42.0%)113 (47.0%)113 (51.0%)130 (50.0%)
 Female116 (63.0%)179 (64.0%)127 (57.5%)141 (58.0%)128 (53.0%)110 (49.0%)130 (50.0%)
Origin
 Rural14 (8.0%)22 (8.0%)23 (10.4%)27 (11.1%)66 (27.0%)*67 (30.0%)*62 (24.0%)*
 Urban149 (81.0%)237 (85.0%)191 (86.4%)211 (86.5%)164 (68.0%)151 (68.0%)192 (74.0%)
 Unknown20 (11.0%)21 (7.0%)7 (3.2%)6 (2.5%)11 (5.0%)5 (2.0%)6 (2.0%)
School quintile
 10 (0.0%)3 (1.0%)4 (2.0%)1 (0.4%)7 (3.0%)18 (8.0%)14 (5.0%)
 26 (3.3%)2 (5.0%)11 (1.0%)10 (4.1%)17 (7.0%)13 (6.0%)28 (11.0%)
 35 (2.7%)10 (4.0%)18 (8.0%)8 (3.3%)23 (9.5%)25 (11.0%)15 (6.0%)
 49 (5.0%)20 (7.0%)16 (7.0%)23 (9.4%)18 (7.0%)13 (6.0%)16 (6.0%)
 5143 (78.1%)224 (80.0%)165 (75.0%)196 (80.3%)165 (68.5%)149 (67.0%)181 (70.0%)
 Unknown20 (11.0%)21 (7.5%)7 (3.0%)6 (2.5%)11 (5.0%)5 (2.0%)6 (2.0%)
  1. * Wits University introduced rurality as a selection criterion in 2015