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Table 2 Regression analysis of learning strategies on learning outcome among first- and second-year students

From: Self-regulated learning: the effect on medical student learning outcomes in a flipped classroom environment

 Post-test score
 First-year studentsSecond-year students
Cognitive Strategies
- Rehearsal−4.91***−2.69*
 (−3.84)(− 2.06)
- Elaboration2.75−1.24
 (1.72)(−0.84)
- Organization0.262.04
 (0.22)(1.60)
- Critical thinking0.75−2.10
 (0.77)(−1.67)
Meta-Cognition−0.87−0.07
 (−0.50)(− 0.03)
Resource Management
- Time management−2.251.01
 (−1.33)(0.57)
- Effort2.16−1.06
 (1.84)(−0.72)
- Peer learning2.00*−0.19
 (2.42)(−0.20)
- Help seeking−2.002.39*
 (−1.87)(2.52)
Pre-test Score0.88***1.22***
 (4.41)(7.68)
Constant29.48*6.39
 (2.56)(0.57)
N7076
R20.5970.572
AIC482.59558.45
BIC511.82588.75
  1. Control variable: gender and self-efficacy; unstandardized coefficients; t statistics in parentheses; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001