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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of the different scores with the sociodemographic variables among the whole sample

From: Lebanese students’ motivation in medical school: does it change throughout the years? A cross-sectional study

Variable / scoresAutonomous MotivationControlled MotivationAmotivation
Gender
 Male3.04 ± 0.922.65 ± 1.001.77 ± 0.93
 Female3.04 ± 0.962.47 ± 1.031.55 ± 0.66
p-value0.9950.2470.076
Year of study
 1st year2.88 ± 0.862.30 ± 0.921.38 ± 0.61
 2nd year3.42 ± 0.922.81 ± 1.211.89 ± 0.73
 3rd year3.32 ± 1.022.71 ± 1.141.58 ± 0.68
 4th year3.41 ± 1.093.06 ± 1.202.12 ± 0.96
 5th year2.74 ± 0.802.38 ± 0.751.65 ± 0.86
p-value< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001
Doctor in the family
 No3.05 ± 0.922.54 ± 0.991.70 ± 0.83
 Yes2.97 ± 0.992.53 ± 1.091.45 ± 0.63
p-value0.6100.9640.036
Living with parents
 No2.62 ± 0.702.15 ± 0.621.45 ± 0.61
 Yes3.09 ± 0.962.59 ± 1.041.66 ± 0.81
p-value0.0180.0160.311
Choice of being a doctor by vocation
 No2.70 ± 0.992.49 ± 1.011.86 ± 0.85
 Yes3.12 ± 0.922.56 ± 1.021.59 ± 0.77
p-value0.0170.6960.072
Familial pressure
 No3.04 ± 0.932.53 ± 1.021.63 ± 0.80
 Yes3.03 ± 1.212.86 ± 1.081.82 ± 0.65
p-value0.9830.3270.450
Business that earns money
 No3.02 ± 0.922.42 ± 0.971.59 ± 0.77
 Yes3.10 ± 1.012.93 ± 1.061.78 ± 0.83
p-value0.6530.0030.164
Benefits the profession brings
 No3.11 ± 0.942.50 ± 1.031.65 ± 0.82
 Yes2.83 ± 0.932.69 ± 0.981.62 ± 0.70
p-value0.0750.2690.831
Liberal job
 No3.26 ± 0.992.64 ± 1.101.75 ± 0.81
 Yes2.75 ± 0.772.42 ± 0.881.48 ± 0.74
p-value< 0.0010.1390.026
Humanitarian side
 No3.14 ± 1.012.69 ± 1.071.62 ± 0.76
 Yes3.00 ± 0.912.48 ± 0.991.65 ± 0.81
p-value0.3670.2090.794
Still satisfied from your choice
 No2.55 ± 0.912.45 ± 0.792.08 ± 0.99
 Yes3.13 ± 0.922.57 ± 1.061.56 ± 0.73
p-value0.0040.5840.002
Choice of specialty fixed from the beginning
 No2.96 ± 0.892.50 ± 0.991.60 ± 0.78
 Yes3.24 ± 1.032.67 ± 1.061.74 ± 0.80
p-value0.0860.3110.299
Choice of specialty changed during studies
 No3.10 ± 0.922.49 ± 0.961.68 ± 0.81
 Yes3.02 ± 0.972.61 ± 1.061.63 ± 0.79
p-value0.6050.4330.682
University
 USJ2.49 ± 0.392.02 ± 0.571.26 ± 0.48
 USEK4.26 ± 0.593.72 ± 0.792.48 ± 0.68
p-value< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001
  1. Post-hoc analysis for the year of study: Autonomous motivation score (2nd vs 5th year p = 0.049; 4th vs 5th year p = 0.049); Controlled motivation: 1st vs 4th year p = 0.03; amotivation 1st vs 4th year p = 0.001