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Table 1 Background information of the medical students (n = 93)

From: Medical students’ resilience: a protective role on stress and quality of life in clerkship

VariableMean (Freq.)SD (%)Confirmatory factor analysesb
Regression estimation lambdaCritical ratio (CR)Squared multiple correlation
Demographics
 Sex
  Male(43)(46)   
  Female(50)(54)   
 Age (Year)22.9030.933   
Resiliencea (scale 1~7)5.4940.735   
 When I am in a difficult situation, I can usually find my way out of it.5.6451.0070.9498.6040.688
 My belief in myself gets me through hard times.5.5381.1191.000(Constrained)0.619
 I usually manage one way or another.6.1180.6400.5457.5970.561
 In an emergency, I am someone people can generally rely on.5.5381.1750.9867.4560.544
 I am determined.5.3331.1920.8536.1850.396
 I can get through difficult times because I have experienced difficulty before.5.3981.2170.8295.8460.359
 My life has meaning.5.6881.1130.7545.8110.355
 I can usually find something to laugh about.5.9031.1240.6935.2300.295
 I keep interested in things.5.2151.3740.8345.1380.285
 I feel that I can handle many things at a time.4.8061.5050.8784.9190.264
 I usually take things in stride.4.0001.4600.8995.2230.294
 I fell proud that I have accomplished things in life.6.1510.9550.4644.0320.182
 I am friends with myself.6.0861.0490.3953.0870.110
  1. a One item from the original Resilience Scale (RS-14) by Wagnild [19] was deleted due to having a factor loading of < 0.4
  2. bOverall model fit of resilience according to Bollen-Stine χ2 = 89.766, df = 65, Normed Chi-sqr (χ2/df) = 1.381, GFI = 0.830, AGFI = 0.763, CFI = 0.945, IFI = 0.947, TLI = 0.934, RMSEA = 0.064, and Hoelter’s N = 67.766