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Table 1 Comparison of the 254 male and 186 female applicants to the UCLA Stein Eye Institute Residency Training Program from the 2017–2018 application cycle

From: Gender-based differences in letters of recommendation written for ophthalmology residency applicants

MeasureMale Applicants, Mean (SD)Female Applicants, Mean (SD)Difference in Means (95% CI)P Value
USMLE Step 1 score244.7 (13.61)242.89 (14.11)1.82 (−4.46 to 0.830)0.18
UGPA3.74 (0.23)3.76 (0.22)0.014 (−0.058 to 0.030)0.54
Proportion of URM applicants0.087 (0.282)0.140 (0.348)0.053 (−0.008 to 0.114)0.087
Proportion of Gold Humanism Honor Society members0.102 (0.304)0.075 (0.264)0.027 (−0.080 to 0.026)0.32
Number of academic activities1.24 (1.48)1.52 (1.49)0.276 (−0.006 to 0.558)0.055
Number of service activities5.20 (2.94)5.57 (2.74)0.373 (−0.162 to 0.908)0.24
Proportion of female letter writers0.725 (0.489)0.701 (0.514)0.024 (−0.079 to 0.031)0.25