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Table 5 Change in self-efficacy for all sessions combined, where 0 = “not at all”, 1 = “a little”, 2 = “moderately”, 3 = “a lot” and 4 = “totally” confident

From: Simulation-based education improves student self-efficacy in physiotherapy assessment and management of paediatric patients

QuestionMean Pre ScoreMean Post ScorePost scores  ≥ 3Mean DifferenceP-ValueNegative RanksPositive RanksTiesTotal
Q11.55 ± 0.592.45 ± 0.63196 (44.6%)0.90<  0.0013 (0.7%)334 (76.1%)102 (23.2%)439
Q21.48 ± 0.612.41 ± 0.65192 (43.8%)0.93<  0.0015 (1.1%)330 (75.3%)103 (23.5%)438
Q31.68 ± 0.642.58 ± 0.62240 (54.9%)0.90<  0.0014 (0.9%)319 (73%)114 (26.1%)437
Q41.99 ± 0.712.76 ± 0.69293 (66.7%)0.77<  0.00110 (2.3%)282 (64.2%)147 (33.5%)439
Q51.65 ± 0.642.48 ± 0.63195 (44.7%)0.83<  0.0014 (0.9%)306 (70.2%)126 (28.9%)436
Q61.57 ± 0.652.46 ± 0.68204 (46.5%)0.89<  0.0017 (1.6%)320 (72.9%)112 (25.5%)439
Q71.91 ± 0.722.72 ± 0.66277 (63.1%)0.81<  0.0015 (1.1%)294 (67%)140 (31.9%)439