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Table 4 Scores for the factors based on different levels of academic achievement

From: The impact of gender and academic achievement on the violation of academic integrity for medical faculty students, a descriptive cross-sectional survey study

Academic Achievement
 Below
Score (SD)
Average
Score (SD)
Above
Score (SD)
PMultiple comparison
P
Mean Difference95% CI
Lower bound / Upper bound
Tendency towards academic dishonesty2.36 (0.74)2.21 (0.60)2.01 (0.55)0.005*Above vs Below: 0.007*−0.346−0.62− 0.08
 Above vs Average: 0.043*−0.198-0.390.00
Below vs Average: 0.3800.149−0.110.41
Subscales:Below
Score (SD)
Average
Score (SD)
Above
Score (SD)
PMultiple comparison
P
   
 Tendency towards cheating2.48 (1.18)2.10 (0.87)1.84 (0.83)0.001*Above vs Below: 0.001*−0.637−1.04−0.24
Above vs Average: 0.080−0.265−0.550.02
Below vs Average: 0.0680.373−0.020.77
 Dishonesty in works such as assignments and projects2.43 (0.80)2.38 (0.67)2.12 (0.67)0.008*Above vs Below: 0.045−0.312−0.62−0.01
Above vs Average: 0.016−0.260−0.48−0.04
Below vs Average: 0.9130.052−0.250.35
 Research and reporting process dishonesty2.50 (0.89)2.30 (0.71)2.10 (0.60)0.006*Above vs Below: 0.007*−0.403−0.71−0.09
Above vs Average: 0.081−0.204−0.430.02
Below vs Average: 0.2700.200−0.100.50
 Tendency towards citation dishonesty2.08 (0.71)2.04 (0.70)1.98 (0.67)0.659 
  1. SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval, * P < 0.05