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Table 2 Respondents’ understanding of pharmaceutical care

From: Do clerkship schemes effectively improve pharmacy students’ understanding of and attitudes regarding pharmaceutical care?——a pre-post study in China Pharmaceutical University

ItemCorrect rate (%)Effect size (%)p-value
Before clerkshipAfter clerkship
[1] PC providers are directly responsible for patients’ clinical outcomes.482 (80.1)571 (94.9)14.8.13
[2] The primary goal of PC is to maintain and improve patients’ quality of life.433 (71.9)512 (85.0)13.1.21
[3] The main contents of PC are the provision of drug information. [F]568 (94.4)593 (98.5)4.1.70
[4] The term “clinical pharmacy” can be replaced with “pharmaceutical care”. [F]277 (46.0)413 (68.6)22.6.02*
[5] PC is an extension of present community pharmacy services.410 (68.1)534 (88.7)20.6.04*
[6] In PC, providers identify and deal with patients’ existing and potential drug-treatment problems.583 (96.8)595 (98.8)2.0.81
[7] PC involves a defined process of activities, in which all steps must be completed to provide this service.296 (49.2)422 (70.1)20.9.04*
[8] All patients who are treated with drug therapy need PC.183 (30.4)357 (59.3)28.9.00*
[9] Carrying out PC necessitates drug information support.464 (77.1)527 (87.5)10.4.42
[10] PC providers need counseling rooms or other private areas to provide PC. [F]312 (51.8)433 (71.9)20.1.04*
[11] Drug use can be monitored in PC to improve drug treatment.520 (86.4)577 (95.9)9.5.58
[12] Patients do not need to actively receive PC. [F]398 (66.1)425 (70.6)4.5.62
  1. * Statistically Significant (p < 0.05)
  2. [F] False items
  3. Effect size calculated as the increase of the correct rate of each item after the clerkship