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Table 3 Comparison of teachers’ perspectives between the FC-TCLEBL group and the LBC group. 1 = strongly agree, 2 = agree, 3 = neutral, 4 = strongly disagree, 5 = disagree. Effect size is calculated by test statistic divided by the root of sample size (small effect: 0.1 < r ≤ 0.3, medium effect: 0.3 < r ≤ 0.5, large effect: r > 0.5)

From: Effectiveness of flipped classroom combined with team-, case-, lecture- and evidence-based learning on ophthalmology teaching for eight-year program students

 Flipped classroomControlMann-Whitney UP valueEffect size
The lecture greatly enhances students’ understanding about this topic.1.5±0.5270462.9±0.7378647877.5000.0010.41234
The class met my expectations.2.3±0.8232733.1±0.73786525.5000.0450.244349
It is an enjoyable way of teaching.1.9±0.7378652.8±0.91893658322.5000.0290.266585
Overall, I am satisfied with the quality of this class.2.6±0.9660923.7±1.15950224.0000.0430.247648
The climate of this class is conducive to learning for students.2.2±1.0327963.7±0.94868315.0000.0070.332071