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Table 4 Factors associated with the level of knowledge regarding CRC risk factors and screening among participating medical students (N = 581)

From: Knowledge, attitude, and perceived barriers regarding colorectal cancer screening practices and risk factors among medical students in Saudi Arabia

Knowledge
 Low
N (%)
315
High
N (%)
266
P-value
Age  < 0.001
  < 2288 (27.93)51 (19.17) 
 22–23123 (39.04)158 (59.39) 
  > 23104 (33.01)57 (21.42) 
Gender  0.403
 Male156 (49.52)122 (45.86) 
 Female159 (50.47)143 (54.13) 
Medical school year  < 0.001
 4th146 (46.34)69 (25.93) 
 5th97 (30.79)105 (39.47) 
 6th72 (22.85)91 (34.21) 
College  < 0.001
 College1 (Makkah)221 (70.15)142 (53.38) 
 College2 (Jeddah)94 (29.84)124 (46.61) 
Attitude towards CRC  < 0.001
 Good94 (29.84)151 (56.76) 
 Poor221 (70.15)115 (43.23) 
Reported barriers
 Fear of finding cancer163 (51.74)166 (62.40)0.018
 Belief that screening is not effective114 (36.19)116 (43.60)0.069
 Embarrassment or anxiety about screening tests141 (44.76)167 (62.78)< 0.001
 Do not perceive CRC as a serious health threat102 (32.38)123 (46.24)0.005
 Do not show any symptoms of a health problem144 (45.71)153 (57.51)< 0.001
 Lack of knowledge about CRC128 (40.63)178 (66.91)< 0.001
 Procrastinating the procedure140 (44.44)125 (46.99)0.004
 Screening costs too much or insurance doesn’t cover171 (54.28)156 (58.64)0.005
 No recommendations for screening in primary care113 (35.87)148 (55.63)< 0.001
 Shortage of trained providers to conduct screening other than fecal occult blood testing113 (35.87)132 (49.62)< 0.001
 Shortage of trained providers to conduct follow-up with invasive endoscopic procedures99 (31.42)140 (52.63)< 0.001
 Lack of knowledge about CRC guidelines176 (55.87)159 (59.77)0.501