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Table 1 The CFA analysis for the Conception of Learning Medicine (COLM) questionnaire. (N = 272)

From: To examine the associations between medical students’ conceptions of learning, strategies to learning, and learning outcome in a medical humanities course

Construct and Measurement ItemsFactor loadingt Statistics
(p Value)
CRAVEAlpha Value
Memorizing (M)
Mean = 2.17, SD = 0.84
0.860.610.86
 M 3 (3)0.79
 M 4 (4)0.8013.44
p < .01
 M 5 (5)0.7612.72
p < .01
 M 6 (6)0.7813.10
p < .01
Preparing for Testing (PT)
Mean = 0.90, SD = 0.75
0.870.700.84
 PT 3 (9)0.80
 PT 4 (10)0.7812.65
p < .01
 PT 6 (12)0.8112.96
p < .01
Practicing Tutorial Problems (PTP)
Mean = 3.01, SD = 0.58
0.900.700.81
 PTP 2 (15)0.54
 PTP 4 (17)0.758.49
p < .01
 PTP 5 (18)0.848.95
p < .01
 PTP 6 (19)0.818.83
p < .01
Increasing One’s Knowledge (IOK)
Mean = 3.02, SD = 0.54
0.920.710.85
 IOK 2 (21)0.63
 IOK 4 (23)0.8411.02
p < .01
 IOK 5 (24)0.8411.03
p < .01
 IOK 6 (25)0.729.90
p < .01
 IOK 7 (26)0.649.01
p < .01
Applying (A)
Mean = 3.31, SD = 0.50
0.920.690.82
 A 1 (27)0.74
 A 2 (28)0.7912.37
p < .01
 A 3 (29)0.7511.76
p < .01
 A 5 (31)0.639.92
p < .01
 A 7 (33)0.578.90
p < .01
Understanding (U)
Mean = 3.14, SD = 0.50
0.930.780.84
 U 1 (34)0.75
 U 2 (35)0.8513.51
p < .01
 U 3 (36)0.7812.54
p < .01
 U 5 (38)0.6310.08
p < .01
Seeing in a New Way (SNW)
Mean = 3.06, SD = 0.64
0.930.730.89
 SNW 2 (41)0.78
 SNW 3 (42)0.7913.44
p < .01
 SNW 4 (43)0.8314.23
p < .01
 SNW 5 (44)0.8113.83
p < .01
 SNW 6 (45)0.7212.21
p < .01
Skills Acquisition (SA)
Mean = 3.25, SD = 0.63
0.930.820.87
 SA 3 (48)0.86
 SA 4 (49)0.9217.58
p < .01
 SA 6 (51)0.7313.69
p < .01
Communication (C)
Mean = 3.39, SD = 0.60
0.950.800.91
 C 1 (52)0.70
 C 2 (53)0.9013.97
p < .01
 C 3 (54)0.9014.02
p < .01
 C 4 (55)0.8713.57
p < .01
 C 5 (56)0.7311.56
p < .01
  1. Abbreviation List: CFA Confirmatory Factor Analysis, CR Composite Reliability, AVE Average Variance Extracted, M Memorizing, PT Preparing for Testing, PTP Practicing Tutorial Problems, IOK Increasing One’s Knowledge, A Applying, U Understanding, SNW Seeing in a New Way, SA Skills Acquisition, C Communication