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Table 4 Mean (%) of subscale and total DREEM scores for Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences students by gender at 2011 and 2016

From: Improving students’ learning environment by DREEM: an educational experiment in an Iranian medical sciences university (2011–2016)

Subscale Female Male Total P-value
2011 2016 2011 2016 2011 2016
Perception of learning
(max =48)
27.38
(57.05)
29.69
(61.85)
27.58
(57.47)
29.35
61.16
27.4
(57.2)
29.58
(61.58)
0.8
Perceptions of teachers
(max =44)
24.62
(55.96)
25.19
(52.26)
24.56
(55.83)
25.54
58.05
24.6
(55.9)
25.33
(57.57)
0.9
Academic self-perception
(max = 38)
20.7
(64.73)
24.74
(78.13)
20.13
(62.92)
24.67
(77.26)
20.5
(64.11)
24.71
(77.79)
0.3
Perceptions of atmosphere
(max =48)
6.9
(56.04)
28.29
(58.95)
26.68
(55.59)
27.86
(58.06)
26.8
(55.89)
28.13
(58.6)
0.7
Social self-perception
(max =28)
16.16
(57.74)
18.22
(65.07)
15.03
(53.71)
17.23
(61.54)
15.7
(56.38)
17.83
(63.7)
0.09
Total DREEM 116.2
(58.1)
124.16
(62.08)
110.72
(55.36)
122.41
(61.20)
113.5
(56.74)
123.48
(61.78)
0.03
p.value 0.001 0.001 0.001  
  1. Abbreviation: DREEM, Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure