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Table 5 Percentage of Pediatric Personal Statement Text Containing Agentic and Communal Language

From: Linguistic analysis of pediatric residency personal statements: gender differences

Word category All authors
Percentage of text (%)
Male authors Percentage of text (%) Female authors
Percentage of text (%)
p value
Agentic Language,
LIWC dictionary
  Reward 1.67 ± 0.71 1.80 ± 0.73 1.55 ± 0.67 p = 0.02
  Risk 0.45 ± 0.30 0.45 ± 0.82 0.44 ± 0.31 p = 0.91
  Power 3.42 ± 0.95 3.37 ± 0.95 3.45 ± 0.95 p = 0.58
  Achievement 3.20 ± 1.04 3.27 ± 1.01 3.13 ± 1.07 p = 0.38
  Insight 3.23 ± 1.02 3.19 ± 1.01 3.26 ± 1.04 p = 0.66
  Certainty 1.20 ± 0.63 1.24 ± 0.59 1.16 ± 0.51 p = 0.34
Agentic Language,
Madera, et al. dictionary
  Adjectives 0.04 ± 0.09 0.05 ± 0.10 0.03 ± 0.07 p = 0.30
  Orientation 0.26 ± 0.27 0.28 ± 0.29 0.23 ± 0.23 p = 0.21
Communal Language,
LIWC dictionary
  Social affiliation 2.87 ± 1.05 2.79 ± 1.07 2.95 ± 1.02 p = 0.31
  Family 1.06 ± 0.72 0.99 ± 0.65 1.14 ± 0.79 p = 0.20
  Friends 0.13 ± 0.16 0.14 ± 0.17 0.11 ± 0.14 p = 0.17
  Male references 0.98 ± 1.03 0.98 ± 1.08 0.98 ± 0.99 p = 0.99
  Female references 0.84 ± 0.91 0.81 ± 0.91 0.88 ± 0.91 p = 0.59
  Tentativeness 1.40 ± 0.63 1.48 ± 0.68 1.31 ± 0.57 p = 0.09
Communal Language,
Madera, et al. dictionary
  Adjectives 0.12 ± 0.15 0.11 ± 0.16 0.12 ± 0.13 p = 0.49
  Orientation 1.59 ± 0.75 1.54 ± 0.75 1.62 ± 0.75 p = 0.48