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Table 3 Mean APP scores for each individual DiSC style and differences between DiSC styles

From: Physiotherapy students’ DiSC behaviour styles can be used to predict the likelihood of success in clinical placements

  APP Mean Scores (averaged across all clinical placements) for Individual Everything DiSC Style Groups
n = 132 students
Mean (SD)
  
APP Items 1. DC n = 6 2. D n = 7 3. Di n = 7 4. iD
n = 5
5. i
n = 13
6. iS
n = 15
7. Si
n = 6
8. S
n = 20
9. SC
n = 10
10. CS
n = 16
11. C
n = 22
12. CD
n = 5
Kruskal Wallis
Difference between DiSC Styles
(p-value)
Mann Whitney U Post Hoc
Differences between DiSC Styles
(p-value)
Professional Behaviour
 1.Demonstrates an understanding of client rights and consent 3.73 (0.15) 3.95 (0.08) 3.83 (0.19) 3.86 (0.22) 3.45 (0.69) 3.78 (0.19) 3.81 (0.25) 3.71 (0.28) 3.60 (0.62) 3.50 (0.36) 3.65 (0.39) 3.87 (0.22) 0.075  
 2.Demonstrates commitment to learning 3.50 (0.19) 3.78 (0.21) 3.50 (0.30) 3.62 (0.41) 3.19 (0.86) 3.74 (0.33) 3.81 (0.19) 3.58 (0.32) 3.45 (0.82) 3.50 (0.49) 3.68 (0.40) 3.50 (0.47) 0.228  
 3.Demonstrates ethical, legal & culturally responsive practice 3.58 (0.15) 3.93 (0.13) 3.76 (0.25) 3.81 (0.21) 3.28 (0.88) 3.82 (0.23) 3.81 (0.27) 3.71 (0.22) 3.55 (0.65) 3.45 (0.38) 3.66 (0.42) 3.70 (0.45) 0.040* D – CS: p = 0.001*
D – i: p = 0.019
Si – CS = 0.040
 4.Demonstrates collaborative practice 3.36 (0.25) 3.67 (0.30) 3.17 (0.37) 3.39 (0.38) 3.17 (0.84) 3.57 (0.43) 3.58 (0.09) 3.34 (0.41) 3.25 (0.75) 3.00 (0.67) 3.34 (0.56) 3.43 (0.25) 0.108  
Communication
 5.Communicates effectively and appropriately - Verbal/Non-verbal 3.29 (0.27) 3.78 (0.31) 3.14 (0.66) 3.34 (0.23) 3.05 (0.87) 3.63 (0.31) 3.64 (0.31) 3.31 (0.40) 3.03 (0.92) 2.96 (0.77) 3.28 (0.59) 3.53 (0.40) 0.030* D – CS: p = 0.01
D – i: p = 0.019
Si – CS: p = 0.059
Si – i: p = 0.179
 6.Demonstrates clear and accurate documentation 3.43 (0.16) 3.63 (0.29) 3.33 (0.54) 3.08 (0.53) 2.90 (0.89) 3.46 (0.38) 3.72 (0.39) 3.30 (0.35) 3.28 (0.74) 3.16 (0.79) 3.36 (0.54) 3.30 (0.45) 0.269  
Assessment
 7.Conducts an appropriate client-centred interview 3.12 (0.25) 3.72 (0.30) 3.45 (0.45) 3.49 (0.40) 3.00 (0.89) 3.47 (0.31) 3.72 (0.20) 3.29 (0.37) 3.27 (0.67) 3.06 (0.55) 3.30 (0.52) 3.40 (0.42) 0.050  
 8.Selects and measures relevant health indicators and outcomes 3.11 (0.29) 3.29 (0.23) 3.07 (0.35) 2.95 (0.57) 2.64 (0.84) 3.21 (0.49) 3.36 (0.19) 3.11 (0.38) 2.99 (0.63) 2.72 (0.63) 3.12 (0.52) 3.17 (0.41) 0.122  
 9.Performs appropriate physical assessment procedures 3.15 (0.28) 3.43 (0.45) 3.07 (0.38) 3.43 (0.57) 2.92 (0.69) 3.35 (0.38) 3.39 (0.29) 3.22 (0.47) 3.05 (0.78) 2.95 (0.58) 3.14 (0.59) 3.47 (0.36) 0.379  
Analysis & Planning
 10.Appropriately interprets assessment findings 3.09 (0.27) 3.39 (0.36) 3.19 (0.48) 3.15 (0.74) 2.62 (0.90) 3.14 (0.45) 3.42 (0.25) 3.10 (0.39) 2.93 (0.69) 2.70 (0.71) 3.15 (0.62) 3.30 (0.45) 0.108  
 11.Identifies and prioritises client’s problems 3.24 (0.10) 3.44 (0.39) 3.07 (0.25) 3.15 (0.42) 2.78 (0.93) 3.24 (0.47) 3.33 (0.38) 3.18 (0.30) 3.03 (0.78) 2.72 (0.77) 3.23 (0.66) 3.17 (0.42) 0.346  
 12.Sets realistic short- and long-term client-centred goals 3.12 (0.26) 3.39 (0.30) 2.83 (0.45) 2.90 (0.55) 2.73 (0.82) 3.12 (0.43) 3.36 (0.19) 2.99 (0.33) 2.98 (0.67) 2.76 (0.62) 2.97 (0.64) 3.10 (0.25) 0.189  
 13.Selects appropriate intervention in collaboration with the client 3.10 (0.20) 3.59 (0.32) 3.02 (0.38) 3.14 (0.42) 2.69 (0.87) 3.37 (0.44) 3.31 (0.29) 3.17 (0.37) 2.98 (0.72) 2.84 (0.73) 3.13 (0.60) 3.27 (0.25) 0.053  
Intervention
 14.Performs interventions appropriately 3.26 (0.18) 3.60 (0.39) 3.10 (0.40) 3.43 (0.57) 2.94 (0.90) 3.40 (0.36) 3.69 (0.27) 3.34 (0.41) 3.08 (0.87) 3.03 (0.68) 3.21 (0.65) 3.43 (0.09) 0.177  
 15.Is an effective educator 3.21 (0.23) 3.69 (0.38) 3.19 (0.56) 3.09 (0.37) 2.91 (0.96) 3.42 (0.35) 3.69 (0.27) 3.19 (0.40) 3.08 (0.83) 2.84 (0.84) 3.22 (0.62) 3.57 (0.25) 0.024* D - CS: p = 0.012 D – i: p = 0.030
Si – CS: p = 0.017 Si – i: p = 0.029
 16.Monitors the effect of intervention 3.15 (0.37) 3.44 (0.31) 3.26 (0.43) 2.99 (0.58) 2.78 (0.87) 3.36 (0.47) 3.47 (0.27) 3.16 (0.37) 3.18 (0.78) 2.86 (0.77) 3.21 (0.51) 3.17 (0.20) 0.261  
 17.Progresses intervention appropriately 3.12 (0.23) 3.58 (0.35) 3.29 (0.47) 3.10 (0.42) 2.76 (0.92) 3.24 (0.39) 3.50 (0.18) 3.19 (0.41) 2.99 (0.66) 2.74 (0.61) 3.14 (0.61) 3.20 (0.22) 0.032* D - CS: p = 0.001* D – i: p = 0.024
Si – CS: p = 0.002*
Si – i: p = 0.036
 18.Undertakes discharge planning 3.01 (0.22) 3.38 (0.40) 2.90 (0.32) 3.04 (0.62) 2.73 (0.80) 3.06 (0.34) 3.22 (0.20) 3.03 (0.34) 2.94 (0.62) 2.78 (0.62) 2.99 (0.57) 3.10 (0.42) 0.542  
Evidence-based Practice
 19.Applies evidence-based practice / client-centred care 3.15 (0.17) 3.48 (0.29) 3.10 (0.35) 3.05 (0.67) 2.88 (0.90) 3.45 (0.36) 3.58 (0.25) 3.23 (0.43) 3.21 (0.59) 3.06 (0.53) 3.19 (0.54) 3.07 (0.52) 0.227  
Risk Management
 20.Identifies adverse events/near misses, minimises risk associated with assessment and interventions 3.34 (0.25) 3.73 (0.27) 3.17 (0.35) 3.33 (0.21) 3.04 (0.95) 3.46 (0.43) 3.81 (0.16) 3.44 (0.42) 3.26 (0.87) 2.97 (0.73) 3.29 (0.63) 3.40 (0.43) 0.030* D - CS: p = 0.008
D – i: p = 0.019
S – CS: p = 0.021
Si – i: p = 0.046
Total APP out of 80 65.08 (2.48) 71.89 (5.09) 64.45 (5.43) 65.34 (8.16) 58.46 (16.67) 68.29 (5.58) 71.22 (2.55) 65.55 (5.76) 63.13 (14.11) 59.60 (12.04) 65.28 (10.11) 67.13 (4.70) 0.090  
Total APP Percentage (%) 81.35 (3.10) 89.86 (6.36) 80.57 (6.78) 81.68 (10.20) 73.08 (20.84) 85.37 (6.97) 88.76 (3.61) 81.94 (7.20) 78.91 (17.64) 74.50 (15.05) 81.53 (12.62) 83.92 (5.88) 0.090  
  1. Kruskal Wallis Significance (p = 0.05)
  2. Mann Whitney U Significance value was divided by the number of DiSC Styles (p = 0.05 / 12 = 0.0042)