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Table 1 Distributions of responses to 30 self-rated items concerning beliefs and attitudes towards FMT

From: Medical students’ perception on fecal microbiota transplantation

  Self-rated item Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Neither agree, nor disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree
1 I feel uncomfortable talking to patients about FMT 13% 37% 33% 15% 2%
2 A more socially acceptable name would make discussions about FMT easier 2% 4% 25% 48% 21%
3 I believe patients would accept FMT as treatment 10% 33% 42% 12% 4%
4 More controlled clinical studies on FMT are needed before it can be used in clinical practice 4% 23% 46% 19% 8%
5 I believe there is currently enough evidence for FMT 23% 37% 25% 10% 6%
6 I do not believe in the long-term results of FMT 19% 17% 21% 31% 12%
7 FMT is a risky procedure 4% 25% 56% 13% 2%
8 FMT is a long and complicated process 27% 38% 25% 8% 2%
9 FMT can lead to transmitting of infections 13% 21% 25% 29% 12%
10 FMT poses a high risk of disease exacerbation 12% 12% 48% 12% 17%
11 FMT does not represent a permanent solution to the medical problem 2% 21% 46% 19% 12%
12 FMT belongs to alternative medicine 29% 29% 40% 2% 0%
13 I find FMT somewhat disgusting 2% 15% 38% 35% 10%
14 FMT is a safer treatment that standard medical treatments 2% 10% 29% 48% 12%
15 FMT is a riskier medical procedure than blood transfusion 15% 12% 38% 21% 13%
16 FMT has a negative impact on patient dignity (feelings of shame, stigma, etc.) 4% 23% 42% 19% 12%
17 I believe the procedure would be supported within my institution 21% 33% 35% 10% 2%
18 Results from veterinary medicine represent strong evidence for using FMT in human medicine 6% 8% 25% 25% 37%
19 FMT can do more harm than good 2% 17% 35% 23% 23%
20 FMT is a therapy comparable to probiotics 10% 19% 37% 27% 8%
21 I believe FMT is a promising therapy for many diseases 2% 12% 37% 31% 19%
22 I believe this procedure would be covered by insurance in the future 4% 15% 27% 37% 17%
23 Donor screening is a complex and costly procedure 0% 12% 17% 31% 40%
24 It’s easier for someone to be “admitted to Harvard” than fulfill the criteria to become a stool donor 13% 37% 33% 15% 2%
25 I am interested in learning more about FMT and its practice 2% 4% 25% 48% 21%
26 I believe the procedure should only be carried out in medical centers specialized in FMT 10% 33% 42% 12% 4%
27 I believe FMT should become a usual procedure in every clinic/hospital 4% 23% 46% 19% 8%
28 I believe the procedure would be more accessible (duration, costs, logistics) if a stool bank existed 23% 37% 25% 10% 6%
29 I believe the procedure would be more easily accepted by doctors and patients if a stool bank existed 19% 17% 21% 31% 12%
30 I believe it is easier for patients if the donor is anonymous rather than someone they know 4% 25% 56% 13% 2%