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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and differences in empathy, burnout and life satisfaction (N = 1271)

From: Empathy, burnout, life satisfaction, correlations and associated socio-demographic factors among Chinese undergraduate medical students: an exploratory cross-sectional study

Variables N (%) IRI-C (M ± SD) p MBI-MC (M ± SD) p SWLS (M ± SD) p
Gender    0.116   0.091   0.052
 Male 458 (36.0) 51.44 ± 10.02   53.30 ± 12.18   22.14 ± 6.78  
 Female 813 (64.0) 52.40 ± 10.70   52.13 ± 11.63   22.88 ± 6.44  
Age    0.005   0.697   0.018
 17–19 725 (57.0) 52.78 ± 10.60   52.66 ± 11.55   22.99 ± 6.27  
 20–24 546 (43.0) 51.10 ± 10.23   52.40 ± 12.21   22.11 ± 6.93  
Academic year    0.001   0.751   0.028
 First year 415 (32.7) 53.66 ± 10.12   52.33 ± 10.92   23.33 ± 6.20  
 Second year 341 (26.8) 51.73 ± 10.91   53.15 ± 12.98   22.26 ± 6.43  
 Third year 264 (20.8) 51.83 ± 10.41   52.30 ± 11.25   21.91 ± 6.78  
 Fourth year 251 (19.7) 50.10 ± 10.15   52.35 ± 12.31   22.67 ± 7.05  
Race    0.417   0.979   0.044
 Han 1030(81.0) 52.00 ± 10.62   52.56 ± 12.05   22.50 ± 6.64  
 Hui 18 (1.4) 48.06 ± 8.71   51.22 ± 9.16   24.00 ± 5.58  
 Man 108 (8.5) 52.17 ± 9.66   52.28 ± 11.53   24.13 ± 6.29  
 Wei 29 (2.3) 52.69 ± 7.76   52.52 ± 8.44   23.45 ± 5.58  
 Other 86 (6.8) 53.26 ± 10.69   53.06 ± 11.30   21.50 ± 6.41  
The only child    0.078   0.302   < 0.001
 Yes 745 (58.6) 51.62 ± 10.40   52.26 ± 11.95   23.28 ± 6.56  
 No 526 (41.4) 52.67 ± 10.54   52.96 ± 11.67   21.67 ± 6.48  
Place of residence    0.214   0.209   < 0.001
 Cities 609 (47.9) 52.08 ± 10.58   51.98 ± 12.45   23.53 ± 6.49  
 Towns 313 (24.6) 51.28 ± 10.53   52.77 ± 11.35   22.50 ± 6.77  
 Villages 349 (27.5) 52.71 ± 10.20   53.35 ± 11.13   21.12 ± 6.27  
Paternal education    0.789   0.334   < 0.001
 Primary school and below 133 (10.4) 52.60 ± 10.65   53.95 ± 11.53   20.48 ± 6.65  
 Secondary school 719 (56.6) 51.93 ± 10.58   52.48 ± 11.69   22.47 ± 6.36  
 College and above 419 (33.0) 52.10 ± 10.24   52.22 ± 12.18   23.54 ± 6.75  
Maternal education    0.099   0.005   < 0.001
 Primary school and below 187 (14.7) 53.57 ± 10.40   54.77 ± 10.83   20.46 ± 6.32  
 Secondary school 706 (55.6) 51.75 ± 10.55   52.61 ± 11.71   22.55 ± 6.39  
 College and above 378 (29.7) 51.87 ± 10.30   51.32 ± 12.40   23.80 ± 6.77  
 Total sample 1271 (100.0) 52.06 ± 10.47   52.55 ± 11.84   22.62 ± 6.57  
  1. Significance level: p < 0.05 (two-tailed); M ± SD: mean ± standard deviation; IRI-C Interpersonal Reactivity Index Chinese version, MBI-MC Maslach Burnout Inventory Modified Chinese version, SWLS Satisfaction With Life Scale