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Table 4 Demographic variables’ effect on institutional inclusiveness survey items

From: Perceptions of intercultural competence and institutional intercultural inclusiveness among first year medical students: a 4-year study

Variables Categories Median (IQR) Test Statistic (df) p-value
Gender Male (172) 4.0 (0.86) 1.08 (1)) 0.299NS
Female (323) 4.0 (0.86)   
Age group ≤20 (373) 4.0 (0.86) 9.66 (1) 0.002**
> 20 (142) 3.78 (1.0)   
Ethnic Origin Africa (40) 3.78 (0.96) 18.75 (4) 0.001**
Asia (135) 3.85 (0.86)   
Australia (290) 4.0 (0.71)   
Europe (22) 3.90 (0.89)   
America (22) 3.46 (1.32)   
Rurality/Town Rural (160) 4.0 (0.86) 3.07 (2) 0.215NS
Regional (152) 4.0 (0.86)   
City (197) 3.85 (0.86)   
Time lived in Australia < 1 yr. (73) 3.57 (1.14) 23.48 (5) 0.000***
1-5 yrs. (40) 3.64 (0.96)   
6-10 yrs. (51) 4.0 (0.86)   
11-15 yrs. (37) 4.0 (1.29   
> 15 yrs. (28) 4.14 (1.25)   
Born in Australia (286) 4.0 (0.71   
Study year 2014 (137) 3.71 (0.93) 15.25 (3) 0.002**
2015 (105) 4.0 (0.79)   
2016 (140) 4.0 (0.86)   
2017 (133) 4.0 (0.71)   
  1. NS not significant, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001