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Table 1 Confidence levels and course usefulness of the participants for different joints

From: Musculoskeletal ultrasound workshops in postgraduate physician training: a pre- and post-workshop survey of 156 participants

  Shoulder Elbow Wrist Hip Knee Ankle P value (comparison among joints)
Perceived confidence
Pre-workshop evaluation 3.03 ± 0.90*abcd 2.35 ± 0.96*aef 2.41 ± 0.97*bgj 2.07 ± 1.02*cfghi 2.83 ± 1.03*ehj 2.53 ± 0.99*di 0.007
Post-workshop evaluation 3.98 ± 0.67*abc 3.65 ± 0.80*aef 3.71 ± 0.79*bg 3.32 ± 0.85*cfghi 3.95 ± 0.66*eh 3.77 ± 0.73*i < 0.001
Course usefulness
Lecture 4.51 ± 0.58 4.58 ± 0.57 4.54 ± 0.65 4.45 ± 0.62 4.52 ± 0.59 4.50 ± 0.66 0.33
Hands-on practice 4.57 ± 0.59 4.62 ± 0.57 4.60 ± 0.59 4.47 ± 0.64 4.59 ± 0.57 4.55 ± 0.69 0.32
  1. * significant difference between the pre-workshop and post-workshop evaluations
  2. Post-Hoc analysis:
  3. a significant difference between shoulder and elbow;
  4. b significant difference between shoulder and wrist;
  5. c significant difference between shoulder and hip;
  6. d significant difference between shoulder and ankle;
  7. e significant difference between elbow and knee;
  8. f significant difference between elbow and hip;
  9. g significant difference between wrist and hip;
  10. h significant difference between hip and knee;
  11. i significant difference between hip and ankle;
  12. j significant difference between knee and wrist