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Table 3 Characteristics of the 21 included studies

From: A systematic review of depression and anxiety in medical students in China

Authors Location Participants Mental problem Number (Qualified rate %) Assessment tools Incidence rate, N (%) Ref. No.
Lin, 2018 Wuhan Medical undergraduate students Depression 913 (86.95) SDI & PSSS & EPQ & LES & CCSAS 120 persons (13.10) [62]
Li, 2017 seven provinces Undergraduate students in universities of traditional Chinese medicine Depression 2750 (89.29) CES-D 993 persons (36.11) [63]
Pan, 2016 23 provinces Medical undergraduate students Depression 9010 (77.57) BDI 1793 (19.9) [64]
Li, 2015 Henan Medical undergraduate students Anxiety 848 (94.20) SAS 172 (20.30) [65]
Li, 2015 Henan Medical undergraduate students Anxiety 1494 (95.34) SLS & SAS 390 (26.10) [66]
Zhai, 2006 Anhui Medical undergraduate students Depression & Anxiety 576 (95.68) SDS & HAMA 175 (30.38) and 232 (40.28) [67]
Guo, 2014 Xining Medical undergraduate students Depression 473 (92.75) SDS 246 (52.00) [35]
Ren, 2013 Harbin Medical undergraduate students Depression 279 (97.21) SDS 62 (21.60) [68]
Ruan, 2011 Lanzhou Medical undergraduate students Anxiety 530 (not stated) SAS 133 (25.09) [69]
Sun, 2011 Anhui Medical undergraduate students Depression & Anxiety 10,374 (92.05) SAS 1743 (16.80) and 1463 (14.10) [70]
Feng, 2010 Ningxia Medical undergraduate students Anxiety 967 (98.17) SAS 276 (28.54) [71]
Shang, 2009 Yinchuan Medical undergraduate students Depression 1510 (94.38) SDS 593 (39.27) [72]
Li, 2009 Guangzhou Medical undergraduate students Depression 206 (82.40) CES-D 157 (76.2) [73]
He, 2009 Yunnan Medical undergraduate students who were minorities Depression & Anxiety 1655 (97.30) SCL-90 1.79 ± 0.53 and 1.65 ± 0.44 [74]
Liu, 2009 Guangzhou Medical undergraduate students Anxiety 195 (97.50) HAMA 133 (83.6) [75]
Liang, 2007 Guangxi Medical college students in freshman year Anxiety 615 (90.84) HAMA 113 (16.6) [76]
Qu, 2014 Shenyang Medical undergraduate students Depression & Anxiety 509 (97.88) SDS & SAS & EPQ & PSSS & ASLEC 110 (22.40) and 44 (9.03) [34]
Yang, 2005 Weifang Medical undergraduate students Depression & Anxiety 500 (97.09) SDS & SAS & PSQI 83 (16.60) and 43 (8.60) [77]
Zhou, 2003 Guangzhou Medical undergraduate students Depression 176 (95.65) SDS 71 (40.43) [78]
Yu, 2001 Fujian Medical undergraduate students Depression 509 (not stated) CES-D 156 (30.5) [79]
Wu, 2000 Datong Medical college students Depression 1071 (95.20) SDS 461 (43.00) [80]
  1. Seven provinces menn Beijing, Liaoning, Gansu, Guangxi, Yunnan, Henan, Hubei. 23 provinces mean Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Beijing, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Nei Monggol, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Jiangxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Sichuan, Chongqing