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Table 3 Responses for quantitative survey

From: Evaluation of Constructing Care Collaboration - nurturing empathy and peer-to-peer learning in medical students who participate in voluntary structured service learning programmes for migrant workers

Volunteering in CCC has helped me… Total No who agree with the statemen. (% of responses) Gender Male: female Unadjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval) Preclinical: Clinical Unadjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval) Single cycle: multiple cycles Unadjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval) Penjuru: Caring clinic Unadjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval) Participant: Leader Unadjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval)
OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
Leadership Skills
 Feel more responsible for others in the Community 35 (92.1) 1.20 0.98–1.48 0.10 0.89 0.77–1.02 0.54 5.78 0.47–71.6 0.20 0.87 0.74–1.02 0.26 1.44 0.12–17.9 1.00
 Improve my leadership skills 26 (68.4) 0.43 0.10–1.79 0.31 0.63 0.14–2.93 0.71 0.38 0.07–2.11 0.44 0.39 0.09–1.77 0.29 0.17 0.02–1.55 0.12
Communication Skills
 Participate in community affairs 30 (78.9) 1.14 0.24–5.44 1.00 0.24 0.03–2.28 0.39 0.78 0.13–4.62 1.00 0.44 0.08–2.52 0.44 0.33 0.04–3.12 0.65
 Further develop communication, listening and negotiation skills 36 (94.7) 1.12 0.07–19.30 1.00 2.27 0.13–39.70 0.54 0.93 0.83–1.03 1.00 1.57 0.09–27.2 1.00 0.93 0.84–1.03 1.00
Teamwork
 Think more of others 34 (91.9) 2.25 0.19–27.20 0.61 0.88 0.76–1.02 0.54 1.39 0.11–17.24 1.00 0.86 0.73–1.020 0.26 0.89 0.78–1.02 0.55
 Appreciate teamwork and co-operation among peers 37 (97.4) 1.06 0.95–1.18 0.47 0.96 0.89–1.04 1.00 1.10 0.91–1.33 0.29 0.96 0.88–1.04 1.00 0.96 0.90–1.04 1.00
 Be more tolerant of different people 36 (94.7) 1.12 0.07–19.30 1.00 2.27 0.13–39.70 0.54 0.93 0.83–1.03 1.00 1.57 0.09–27.2 1.00 0.93 0.90–1.03 1.00
 Respect different opinions 32 (84.2) 0.50 0.08–3.13 0.66 1.10 0.17–7.03 1.00 0.44 0.05–4.27 0.65 0.26 0.03–2.46 0.37 1.50 0.23–9.80 0.64
Compromise 31 (83.8) 1.21 0.21–6.99 1.00 0.36 0.04–3.52 0.64 0.42 0.04–4.09 0.65 0.79 0.13–5.01 1.00 0.78 0.64–0.95 0.16
 Better Comprehend the moral and ethical issues in health care 32 (84.2) 1.13 0.20–6.49 1.00 0.38 0.04–3.69 0.64 0.44 0.05–4.27 0.65 0.73 0.12–4.59 1.00 0.51 0.05–5.00 1.00
Ability to see consequences
 Think more about the future 29 (80.6) 0.70 0.13–3.70 1.00 0.76 0.12–4.64 0.57 0.37 0.04–3.54 0.65 0.67 0.49–0.90 0.03 0.37 0.04–3.54 0.65
Critical thinking skills
 Think more critically 36 (94.7) 1.13 0.96–1.33 0.22 0.92 0.83–1.03 1.00 2.60 0.15–45.7 0.50 0.91 0.81–1.04 0.51 0.93 0.84–1.03 1.00
Ability to identify social issues
 Better Identify social issues and concerns 34 (89.5) 1.13 0.14–8.94 1.00 0.68 0.07–7.49 1.00 0.85 0.73–1.00 0.30 1.62 0.20–12.9 1.00 0.86 0.74–1.00 0.56
Action Skills
 Take more action 32 (86.5) 1.70 0.25–11.59 0.66 0.48 0.05–4.806 1.00 0.639 0.06–6.52 1.00 0.32 0.03–3.21 0.63 0.82 0.68–0.98 0.30
 Build confidence & take on new responsibilities 33 (86.8) 1.80 0.27–12.20 0.65 0.50 0.05–5.03 1.00 1.78 0.25–12.4 0.62 1.03 0.15–7.00 1.00 0.82 0.69–0.98 0.30
Gaining of knowledge
 Appreciate and identify better gaps or deficiencies in the healthcare system 31 (81.6) 0.80 0.15–4.18 1.00 0.84 0.14–5.10 1.00 0.74 0.59–0.93 0.08 1.19 0.23–6.26 1.00 0.75 0.61–0.93 0.16
 Better Appreciate my own health, living condition 35 (94.6) 1.19 0.07–20.5 1.00 0.92 0.82–1.03 1.00 0.93 0.83–1.03 1.00 0.91 0.80–1.04 0.51 0.93 0.83–1.03 1.00
 Improve my medical knowledge 35 (92.1) 2.38 0.20–28.70 0.60 1.09 0.09–13.3 1.00 1.25 0.10–15.4 1.00 0.87 0.74–1.02 0.26 0.89 0.79–1.02 0.55
 Enhance my understanding of the use of public health measures in resource-poor settings 28 (73.7) 1.15 0.27–4.90 1.00 0.45 0.08–2.54 0.45 0.20 0.02–1.82 0.23 1.03 0.24–4.50 1.00 0.64 0.49–0.85 0.04
Application of knowledge
 Improve my clinical diagnostic skills 34 (89.5) 1.13 0.14–8.94 1.00 2.40 0.30–19.5 0.58 0.80 0.74–8.65 1.00 0.48 0.05–5.06 1.00 0.86 0.74–0.997 0.56
 Apply what I learnt in medical school 35 (92.1) 2.38 0.20–28.7 0.60 1.09 0.09–13.3 1.00 1.25 0.10–15.4 1.00 0.87 0.74–1.02 0.26 0.89 0.79–1.02 0.55
Communication Skills - with migrant workers specifically
 Increase my confidence in approaching migrant workers 35 (92.1) 0.53 0.04–6.39 1.00 1.09 0.09–13.3 1.00 0.89 0.78–1.02 0.54 0.75 0.06–9.08 1.00 0.89 0.79–1.02 0.55
 Increase my confidence in talking to people from different social backgrounds. 36 (94.7) 1.12 0.07–19.3 1.00 2.27 0.13–39.7 0.54 0.93 0.83–1.03 1.00 1.57 0.09–27.2 1.00 0.93 0.84–1.03 1.00
Peer-to-Peer teaching skills - Volunteering in CCC has helped me/I feel
 Increase my confidence in teaching my peers 32 (84.2) 0.50 0.08–3.13 0.66 1.10 0.17–7.03 1.00 0.44 0.05–4.27 0.65 0.73 0.12–4.59 1.00 0.79 0.65–0.95 0.17
 Increase my knowledge from what was taught by my peers during CCC 34 (89.5) 0.33 0.03–3.53 0.61 8.33 0.77–90.8 0.16 0.80 0.07–8.65 1.00 0.48 0.05–5.06 1.00 0.86 0.74–1.00 0.56
 My experience in peer to peer teaching at CCC has enabled me to learn more from similar modes of peer-to-peer teaching (outside of CCC) 31 (81.6) 0.36 0.06–2.23 0.41 3.83 0.70–21.0 0.18 2.16 0.39–11.8 0.39 0.20 0.02–1.89 0.21 0.41 0.04–3.88 0.65
 Group leaders and seniors have helped me to gain a better understanding of migrant workers 36 (94.7) 1.13 0.96–1.33 0.22 0.92 0.83–1.03 1.00 2.60 0.15–45.7 0.50 0.91 0.81–1.04 0.51 0.93 0.84–1.03 1.00
 My seniors in CCC have benefited my experience in CCC 35 (94.6) 1.13 0.96–1.325 0.23 0.92 0.82–1.03 1.00 2.50 0.14–44.0 0.51 0.91 0.80–1.04 0.51 0.93 0.83–1.03 1.00
 My seniors in CCC are patient and willing to impart their knowledge to me 37 (97.4) 1.06 0.95–1.18 0.47 0.96 0.89–1.04 1.00 0.96 0.89–1.04 1.00 0.96 0.88–1.04 1.00 0.96 0.90–1.04 1.00