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Table 1 Resident autonomy questionnaire items. All residents were provided a written questionnaire prior to facilitated group discussions to acquire feedback from all participants and provide a basis for discussion topics

From: Learning to drive: resident physicians’ perceptions of how attending physicians promote and undermine autonomy

Year in Residency: _________________
Program: _________________________
1. How do you define “resident autonomy” in patient care?
2. If someone were to observe you for a day, what would be examples of autonomous behavior that this individual might notice?
3. What kinds of things do attending physicians do that promote autonomy?
4. What kinds of things do attending physicians do that undermine autonomy?
5. Do you have any additional comments on autonomy in resident education?