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Table 5 Psychological strain and attachment style: Descriptive data and correlations

From: Motives, experiences and psychological strain in medical students engaged in refugee care in a reception center– a mixed-methods approach

Psychological assessment– descriptive statistics (n = 62)
instrument mean (sd) norm sample significance
mean (sd) n t df p
FST [31–155] 38.52 (7.91)
PHQ [0–21] 2.22 (2.45) 6.03 (4.19)a 290 −6.907 334.917 <.001**
GAD [0–21] 2.46 (2.68) 5.34 (4.24)a 290 −5.130 322.314 <.001**
SF-12 [0–100]
 Physical health score 56.06 (3.03) 55.06 (5.08)a 290 1.493 332.081 0.136
 Mental health score 52.03 (6.52) 45.33 (10.33)a 290 4.899 322.881 <.001**
RQ
 Model of self [−12 − + 12] 4.58 (3.34) 3.81 (3.633)a 279 1.525 222.417 0.129
 Model of other [−12 − + 12] 0.81 (3.57) 1.03 (3.260)a 279 −0.477 177.991 0.634
Secure 5.16 (1.35) 5.18 (1.389)a 280 −0.103 207.636 0.918
Dismissing 2.47 (1.79) 3.73 (1.605)a 282 −5.479 174.087 <.001**
Preoccupied 1.98 (1.09) 2.33 (1.399)a 282 −1.849 268.672 0.066
Fearful 3.87 (1.67) 2.74 (1.842)a 281 4.443 226.633 <.001**
 SOC-29 [29–203] 151.42 (16.63) 155.0 (23.0)b 4002 −1.227 490.21 0.22
Psychological assessment – correlation analyses (n = 62)
  FST PHQ GAD
r p r p r p
RQ – model of self −.181 .159 −.184 .152 −.029 .825
  r p r p r p
RQ - model of other −.047 .718 −.264* .038 .074 .568
  r p r p r p
SOC-29 −.414** .001 −.428** .001 −.487** <.001
  1. FST Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire depression module, GAD-7 Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale, SF-12 12-item Short Form Health Survey, RQ Relationship Questionnaire, SOC-29 Sense of Coherence Scale. a [31], b [69]
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01