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Table 1 The general characteristics of the enrolled studies

From: Team-based learning pedagogy enhances the quality of Chinese pharmacy education: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study IDYearDisciplines or curriculaSample size (TBL/LBL)Participant characteristicsInterventionsComparisonsOutcome
Shang Z et al. [13]2018Pharmacotherapeutics100 (50/50)Clinical pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions (or cases), organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups: preview, information searching, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
Mao Y et al. [14]2013Drug evaluation and research58 (28/30)Pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups:
Preview, information searching, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
Feng X et al. [15]2016Pharmacy administration123 (61/62)Pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, organizing the pre-test (to evaluate the conditions of students’ preview), organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating
The responsibility of student groups:
Preview, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
Yan J et al. [16]2016Analytical chemistry70 (35/35)Pharmacy students from CollegeTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating
The responsibility of student groups:
Preview, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
Luo X et al. [17]2017Pharmaceutical chemistry241 (124/117)Pharmacy students from Secondary technical CollegeTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating
The responsibility of student groups:
Preview, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
Gao M et al. [18]2015Pharmaceutics and experiments48 (23/25)pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the pre-test (to evaluate the conditions of students’ preview), organizing the post-tests and effectiveness evaluating
The responsibility of student groups: preview, literature reading, group discussion for experiments operation, summarizing the points during experiments operation.
Lecture
Zhang H et al. [19]2014Medical functional experiments50 (25/25)pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the pre-test (to evaluate the conditions of students’ preview), organizing the post-tests and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups: preview, literature reading, group discussion for experiments operation, summarizing the points during experiments operation.
Lecture
Xie Z et al. [20]2015Processing of traditional Chinese medicine180 (90/90)Pharmacy students from CollegeTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the post-tests and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups: preview, literature reading, group discussion for experiments operation, summarizing the points during experiments operation.
Lecture
Wu X et al. [21]2017Pharmacology40 (20/20)Oversea pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the pre-test (individual readiness assurance test), organizing the post-tests and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups: preview, information searching, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
Yang T et al. [22]2018Physical Chemistry135 (63/72)Pharmacy students from CollegeTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the pre-test (to evaluate the conditions of students’ preview), organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups: preview, information searching, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
Yang X et al. [23]2018Medical biology experiments64 (32/32)Pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups: preview, literature reading, group discussion for experiments operation, summarizing the points during experiments operation.
Lecture
Yi T et al. [24]2018Biochemistry90 (45/45)Pharmacy students from UniversityTeam-based Learning
Details of teaching process:
The responsibility of teachers including: laying out the discussion topic, raising the questions, organizing the pre-test (to evaluate the conditions of students’ preview), organizing the post-tests and the questionnaires, and effectiveness evaluating.
The responsibility of student groups: preview, information searching, literature reading, group discussion, and summary report.
Lecture
  1. Notes: Theoretical tests scores; Questionnaires for assessing the effects of pedagogies on students’ qualities and abilitie