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Table 2 Health-relevant dimensions (AVEM) in male and female. STEM students

From: Study-related behavior patterns of medical students compared to students of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM): a three-year longitudinal study

  STEM Studentsa ptime part. Eta2 psex part. Eta2 P < 0.05
t0 t1 t2 t3
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Subjective significance of work 11.8 (2.9) 11.8 (3.1) 11.8 (2.8) 11.8 (3.0) 11.8 (3.5) 11.8 (2.8) 11.8 (3.2) (12.1 (3.5) 11.7 (3.1) 11.2 (2.9) 11.3 (3.1) 11.1 (2.8) 0.029 0.023 0.698 0.001 2-3b
Career ambition 14.9 (2.7) 14.4 (2.9) 15.0 (2.6) 14.3 (2.6) 13.7 (2.9) 14.6 (2.4) 13.9 (2.5) 13.7 (2.7) 14.0 (2.5) 13.7 (2.7) 13.6 (2.7) 13.7 (2.7) <.001 0.070 0.259 0.01 0–1, 0–2, 0–3
Tendency to exert 11.5 (3.2) 11.3 (3.4) 11.6 (3.2) 11.6 (3.2) 11.3 (3.1) 11.7 (3.3) 11.8 (3.5) 11.8 (3.5) 11.8 (3.5) 11.8 (3.3) 12.1 (3.4) 11.7 (3.3) 0.332 0.009 0.871 <.001
Striving for perfection 14.5 (3.0) 14.1 (3.6) 14.6 (2.7) 13.2 (3.4) 13.8 (3.4) 13.0 (3.3) 13.3 (3.6) 13.3 (3.4) 13.3 (3.7) 13.8 (3.2) 13.9 (3.2) 13.8 (3.2) <.001 0.061 0.821 <.001 0–1, 0–2
Emotional distancing 12.9 (2.8) 13.0 (2.8) 12.9 (2.8) 12.6 (3.0) 12.0 (2.9) 12.9 (3.0) 12.4 (3.1) 12.2 (2.5) 12.5 (3.4) 12.8 (3.2) 11.9 (3.1) 13.2 (3.3) 0.168 0.013 0.207 0.012
Resignation tendencies 11.6 (3.1) 11.0 (3.0) 11.8 (3.1) 11.8 (3.1) 10.8 (3.0) 12.3 (3.0) 11.8 (3.3) 10.4 (2.8) 12.5 (3.4) 12.0 (3.2) 11.0 (3.2) 12.5 (3.1) 0.552 0.005 0.003 0.067
Offensive coping with problems 13.3 (2.5) 13.9 (2.4) 13.0 (2.5) 12.5 (2.9) 13.2 (3.0) 12.2 (2.9) 12.4 (3.0) 13.2 (3.4) 12.0 (2.8) 12.3 (2.6) 13.1 (2.8) 11.9 (2.5) <.001 0.048 0.016 0.045 0–1, 0–2, 0–3
Balance and mental stability 13.2 (3.2) 13.4 (3.5) 13.0 (3.1) 13.8 (2.9) 14.4 (3.0) 13.5 (2.9) 13.2 (3.1) 13.6 (3.1) 13.0 (3.1) 12.9 (3.3) 13.4 (3.4) 12.7 (3.3) 0.002 0.039 0.216 0.012 0–1, 1–2, 1–3
Satisfaction with work 16.3 (2.5) 16.1 (2.6) 16.4 (2.4) 15.8 (2.7) 16.0 (2.9) 15.7 (2.6) 15.7 (2.8) 16.0 (2.7) 15.6 (2.8) 15.6 (3.0) 15.1 (2.8) 15.9 (3.0) 0.01 0.031 0.850 <.001 0–3
Satisfaction with life 16.7 (2.7) 16.3 (2.9) 16.8 (2.5) 15.9 (2.9) 15.4 (3.1) 16.1 (2.9) 15.5 (3.1) 15.3 (2.9) 15.6 (3.1) 15.4 (3.4) 14.6 (3.1) 15.8 (3.5) <.001 0.096 0.183 0.014 0–1, 0–2, 0–3
Experience of social support 18.1 (1.9) 17.8 (1.7) 18.3 (2.0) 17.9 (2.4) 17.4 (2.6) 18.2 (2.3) 17.2 (2.9) 17.1 (2.8) 17.2 (3.0) 17.0 (2.9) 16.4 (2.6) 17.2 (3.1) <.001 0.071 0.168 0.015 0–2, 0–3, 1–3
  1. aIn this analysis same number of participants for t0 to t3: Total n = 131, Male n = 41, Female n = 90
  2. bIndicates a significant difference of total group scores between t2 and t3