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Table 1 Health-relevant dimensions (AVEM) in male and female. Medical students

From: Study-related behavior patterns of medical students compared to students of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM): a three-year longitudinal study

  Medical studentsa ptime part. Eta2 psex part. Eta2 P < 0.05
t0 t1 t2 t3
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Subjective significance of work 11.9 (3.0) 11.7 (3.1) 12.0 (3.0) 11.7 (3.0) 11.9 (3.2) 11.6 (2.9) 11.4 (3.2) 11.9 (3.5) 11.3 (3.1) 10.9 (3.4) 11.6 (3.7) 10.6 (3.3) 0.006 0.022 0.356 0.004 0-3b, 1–3
Career ambition 15.3 (2.6) 15.2 (3.0) 15.3 (2.4) 13.7 (2.9) 14.5 (3.1) 13.4 (2.8) 13.5 (2.9) 13.9 (3.1) 13.4 (2.9) 13.4 (3.0) 13.8 (3.3) 13.2 (2.9) <.001 0.158 0.186 0.009 0–1, 0–2, 0–3
Tendency to exert 12.4 (2.9) 11.7 (2.5) 12.6 (3.0) 11.6 (3.0) 11.2 (2.7) 11.7 (3.1) 12.1 (3.2) 11.7 (2.8) 12.3 (3.3) 11.6 (3.1) 11.3 (2.6) 11.7 (3.3) 0.002 0.026 0.134 0.011 0–1, 0–3, 1–2
Striving for perfection 14.8 (2.9) 14.4 (2.8) 14.9 (2.9) 13.4 (2.9) 13.0 (3.2) 13.6 (2.8) 13.1 (3.3) 12.4 (3.1) 13.3 (3.4) 13.2 (3.1) 13.1 (3.1) 13.3 (3.2) <.001 0.134 0.187 0.009 0–1, 0–2, 0–3
Emotional distancing 12.9 (2.4) 13.3 (2.3) 12.8 (2.4) 12.6 (2.8) 12.6 (2.6) 12.6 (2.9) 11.8 (2.9) 11.8 (3.0) 11.8 (2.9) 13.8 (2.9) 13.9 (3.1) 13.8 (2.9) <.001 0.129 0.734 0.001 0–2, 0–3, 1–2, 1–3, 2–3
Resignation tendencies 11.8 (2.9) 11.2 (2.7) 12.0 (3.0) 11.7 (2.9) 11.0 (2.9) 11.9 (2.9) 11.6 (3.2) 10.9 (2.9) 11.8 (3.2) 11.3 (3.3) 10.5 (3.2) 11.5 (3.3) 0.034 0.015 0.025 0.025
Offensive coping with problems 14.0 (3.0) 14.3 (2.9) 13.9 (3.0) 13.8 (2.9) 13.9 (3.0) 13.8 (2.8) 13.7 (2.9) 14.1 (2.9) 13.6 (2.9) 13.6 (2.9) 14.3 (2.9) 13.4 (2.8) 0.448 0.004 0.192 0.008
Balance and mental stability 13.5 (3.3) 14.7 (3.3) 13.0 (3.0) 13.9 (3.0) 15.4 (2.5) 13.3 (3.0) 13.4 (3.2) 14.7 (2.8) 12.9 (3.2) 13.7 (3.1) 14.7 (2.9) 13.3 (3.1) 0.017 0.017 <.001 0.083 0–1, 1–2
Satisfaction with work 17.4 (2.4) 17.2 (2.5) 17.6 (2.4) 17.1 (2.5) 17.1 (2.3) 17.2 (2.5) 17.1 (2.5) 16.8 (2.5) 17.2 (2.5) 17.0 (2.5) 17.2 (2.2) 17.0 (2.6) 0.261 0.007 0.603 0.001
Satisfaction with life 17.6 (2.5) 17.7 (2.6) 17.5 (2.5) 17.1 (2.6) 17.3 (2.3) 17.0 (2.7) 16.8 (2.8) 16.9 (2.9) 16.7 (2.7) 17.2 (2.6) 17.3 (2.6) 17.1 (2.6) <.001 0.032 0.536 0.002 0–1, 0–2
Experience of social support 18.0 (2.0) 18.0 (2.1) 18.0 (2.0) 17.7 (2.1) 17.9 (2.3) 17.7 (2.1) 17.4 (2.5) 17.5 (2.4) 17.4 (2.6) 17.3 (2.6) 17.3 (2.5) 17.4 (2.6) 0.001 0.027 0.946 <.001 0–2, 0–3
  1. aIn this analysis same number of participants for t0 to t3: Total n = 204, Male n = 55, Female n = 149
  2. bIndicates a significant difference of total group scores between t0 and t3