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Table 4 On a scale of one to ten, with one being the least confident and ten being the most confident, student positive response by program

From: Immunization attitudes, opinions, and knowledge of healthcare professional students at two Midwestern universities in the United States

  All Program positive responsea
N = 222n (%)
BSN positive responsesa
n = 83
n (%)
DNP positive responsesa
n = 14
n (%)
Medicine positive responsesa
n = 74
n (%)
Pharmacy positive responsesa
n = 51
n (%)
Fisher’s exact test
p – value
Benefit of vaccines 143 (64.4) 47 (56.6) 11 (78.6) 52 (70.3) 33 (64.7) 0.372
Risks of vaccinesb 99 (44.8) 34 (41.5) 8 (57.1) 33 (44.6) 24 (48.0) 0.865
Est. dialogue w/patientsc 117 (52.9) 34 (41.0) 11 (78.6) 51 (68.9) 21 (42.0) 0.001*
Vaccine safetyd 119 (53.8) 38 (45.8) 7 (53.8) 43 (58.1) 31 (60.8) 0.224
Effectiveness of vaccines 149 (67.1) 46 (55.4) 9 (64.3) 61 (82.4) 33 (64.7) 0.004*
Vaccines and autism 165 (74.3) 48 (57.8) 13 (92.9) 64 (86.5) 40 (78.4) < 0.0001*
Whether vaccines overwhelm the immune system 128 (57.7) 33 (39.6) 8 (57.1) 49 (66.2) 38 (74.5) < 0.0001*
Risk of vaccine preventable diseasesc 171 (77.4) 57 (68.7) 14 (100) 61 (82.4) 39 (78.0) 0.044*
  1. aPositive responses: Responses of 8–10 were collapsed to reflect positive response *p < 0.05
  2. bBSN n = 82
  3. cPharmacy n = 53
  4. dDNP n = 13