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Table 5 Students’ Motivation for Their Choice of Medicine as a Career

From: Cuban medical training for South African students: a mixed methods study

  Cuban-trained South African-trained Mann-Whitney Z p
Median Mean (SD) Median Mean (SD)
1. Family wanted me to be a doctor 2.00 2.50(1.62) 2.00 2.12(1.19) −0.75 .452
2. Good at sciences 4.00 4.07(0.75) 4.00 3.71(1.20) −1.03 .303
3. Working for social change 5.00 4.31(1.00) 4.00 3.43(1.27) −3.09 .002
4. High income potential 3.00 3.21(1.34) 4.00 3.50(1.11) −0.80 .424
5. Desire to work in a rural/underserved area* 5.00 4.28(1.07) 2.00 2.36(1.14) −5.46 .000
6. Desire to work in another country 1.00 2.03(1.27) 2.50 2.69(1.24) −2.30 .022
7. Social recognition or status 1.00 1.96(1.32) 3.00 2.67(1.26) −2.37 .018
8. Stable, secure future 4.00 3.79(1.24) 5.00 4.29(1.07) −1.98 .048
9. Creativity and initiative* 4.00 4.10(0.86) 3.00 3.05(1.23) −3.58 .000
10. Availability of jobs in the future 4.00 4.07(1.03) 5.00 4.33(1.03) −1.53 .125
11. Work/life balance 4.00 4.00(1.13) 3.00 3.38(1.06) −2.49 .013
12.Could not do my preferred subject/option 1.00 1.90(1.32) 1.00 1.45(1.09) −1.74 .083
13. Desire to help other people 5.00 4.69(0.54) 4.00 4.07(1.07) −2.69 .007
14. Improve health in my country* 5.00 4.69(0.54) 4.00 3.76(1.16) −3.76 .000
15. Become a community leader* 5.00 4.35(0.97) 3.00 3.02(1.26) −4.35 .000
  1. * p < .00094
  2. Note: The response scale has scores from 1 (not important at all) to 5 (extremely important)