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Table 1 Trustworthiness criteria ensure the trustworthiness of qualitative findings in this study

From: Using Kahoot! as a formative assessment tool in medical education: a phenomenological study

Credibility (internal validity) Transferability (external validity) Dependability (reliability) Confirmability (objectivity)
• Prolonged engagement
• Data source triangulation
• Iterative questioning
• Peer debriefing session
• Peer scrutiny of findings
• Trained moderator
• Structural coherence
• Nominated sample
• Thick description
• Code–recode procedure • Unbiased moderator
• Audit trail
• Analyst triangulation
• Reflective analysis