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Table 5 School year and ESQ-NS scores

From: The development and validation of the Ethical Sensitivity Questionnaire for Nursing Students

  ESQ-NS
Overall Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3
  Respect for individuals Distributive justice Maintaining patients’ confidentiality
n mean SD n mean SD n mean SD n mean SD
School Year
1st grade 144 2.4 0.5a*b*c* 144 2.5 0.5a*b*c* 144 2.0 0.7 144 3.0 0.9a*b*c*
2nd grade 141 2.6 0.4a* 141 2.7 0.5a*d* 141 2.2 0.7 141 3.2 0.7a*
3rd grade 83 2.8 0.5b* 83 2.9 0.5b*d* 83 2.1 0.8 83 3.3 0.7b*
4th grade 152 2.7 0.5c* 152 2.8 0.5c* 152 2.0 0.7 152 3.3 0.6c*
  1. One-way ANOVA
  2. Games-Howell's multiple comparison test was applied to reveal differences
  3. A significant difference was recognized between the same symbols (abcd)
  4. *P<0.05