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Table 3 Means (M), Standard Deviations (SD) for psychological well-being, adaptation, depression and anxiety at T1, T2, T3 for the WBT and CC, and the results of the repeated measures MANOVA after data were split by group

From: A randomized controlled trial of well-being therapy to promote adaptation and alleviate emotional distress among medical freshmen

   T1 M (SD) T2 M (SD) T3 M (SD)
RPWB WBT 88.92 (6.42)ab 95.85 (5.69) 95.59 (6.46)
CC 83.99 (9.68) 90.02 (12.56) 88.75 (12.40)
CCSAS WBT 223.87 (22.58)ac 249.59 (34.17) 231.23 (29.97)
CC 226.75 (24.12) 233.54 (32.99) 227.31 (29.41)
CES-D WBT 6.87 (6.84) 7.18 (4.45) 5.38 (4.25)
CC 7.81 (8.22)ab 11.92 (9.67) 11.83 (9.96)
SAI WBT 30.92 (9.13) 28.46 (6.00) 28.74 (6.36)
CC 31.42 (8.25) 29.69 (6.90) 32.19 (8.34)
  1. Note. WBT well-being therapy, CC control group, T1 pre-intervention, T2 post-intervention, T3 Three months after the intervention, RPWS Chinese Version of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-Being, CCSAS Chinese College Student Adjustment Scale, CES-D Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, SAI State Anxiety Inventory
  2. ap-value < 0.05 for repeated measures MANOVA post hoc test for T1-T2
  3. bp-value < 0.05 for repeated measures MANOVA post hoc test for T1-T3
  4. cp-value < 0.05 for repeated measures MANOVA post hoc test for T2-T3