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Table 2 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis on SBBS: gender, ECE-length, motivational beliefs, test-anxiety, and ECE-environment

From: Correlation between early clinical exposure environment, attitudes toward basic medicine, and medical students’ basic science learning performance

Dependent: SBBS Model I Model II Model III
  B (standardized) B (standardized) B (standardized)
Constant 69.373*** 56.652*** 52.425***
Gender −0.376 1.080 1.209
Length of ECE (in hours) −0.057 (− 0.058) −0.028 (− 0.028) −0.293 (− 0.299)*
Self-efficacy score   −0.469 − 0.282
Intrinsic value task score   0.490 0.323
Test anxiety score   1.184 (0.332) ** 1.094 (0.307) **
Group A or not    5.497
Group B or not    10.368 (0.238)*
Group C or not    13.206 (0.337)**
F-sig (p value) 0.816 0.006** 0.002**
Change in F-sig (p value) 0.816 0.001** 0.035*
R 2 0.004 0.114 0.215
N 109 109 109
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001