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Table 3 Differences between mean scores of medical students’ (n = 46) professional competencies in four occasions in PBL tutorials. Data were analyzed by one-way repeated measures ANOVA and using Bonferroni test for post hoc comparisons. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation of the mean scores

From: Measuring medical students’ professional competencies in a problem-based curriculum: a reliability study

Competencies Number of occasions Effect size (ηp2)
Occasion 1 Occasion 2 Occasion 3 Occasion 4
Interpersonal competencies 3.87 ± 0.84 4.00 ± 0.47 4.35 ± 0.36** 4.11 ± 0.54 0.19
Cognitive competencies 3.74 ± 0.52 3.89 ± 0.52 4.02 ± 0.60* 4.11 ± 0.54** 0.15
Professional behavior 3.77 ± 0.49 3.97 ± 0.47* 4.35 ± 0.36** 4.34 ± 0.41** 0.44
  1. * = p < 0.05 and ** = p = < 0.001