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Table 4 Pre-post changes, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (n = 32)

From: Executive/life coaching for first year medical students: a prospective study

Category Paired t-test P-values
Overall resilience, scale summary score 1.351 0.186
Factor 1: Personal competence, high standards, and tenacity. −0.295 0.768
Factor 2: Trust in one’s instincts, tolerance of negative affect, and strengthening effects of stress 1.583 0.115
Factor 3: Positive acceptance of change, secure relationships 1.465 0.144
Factor 4: Control 2.220 0.029
Factor 5: Spiritual influence 2.893 0.005