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Table 2 Item response on Attitudes to Psychiatry (ATP-18) questionnaire [20]

From: Attitudes towards psychiatry amongst medical and nursing students in Singapore

   Overall (%) Medical (%) Nursing (%) p value†
   Agree Disagree Agree Disagree Agree Disagree
No.a Items expressing positive view
17 Empathy with patients is as important as factual knowledge in clinical practice 90.3 1.2 94.6 1.8 86.0 0.6 < 0.001
15 Psychiatric skills are essential in general practice. 87.8 0.8 93.0 0.8 82.6 0.8 0.020
7 The problems presented by psychiatric patients are often particularly interesting and challenging. 86.4 1.7 83.1 2.4 89.8 1.0 < 0.001
11 Mental illness presents us with one of the great challenges within the field of medicine. 81.4 2.0 87.8 1.2 75.0 2.8 < 0.001
13 Psychiatrists are more concerned than other doctors to establish a rapport with their patients. 75.0 7.0 76.3 8.6 73.8 5.4 0.227
5 Psychiatrists try to treat the whole patient and not just the disease. 74.9 6.9 76.7 7.2 73.0 6.6 0.394
14 Too little time is devoted to psychiatry in the medical/nursing school curriculum. 51.3 12.0 42.6 18.1 60.0 5.8 < 0.001
6 Psychiatrists are at the forefront of the movement to humanize medicine. 42.1 9.3 38.8 13.3 45.4 5.2 0.002
2 Psychiatrists are, on the whole, less dogmatic than other doctors. 14.0 60.7 9.2 69.1 18.8 52.2 < 0.001
No.a Items expressing negative view        
1 Psychiatrists are often merely failed physicians. 2.0 87.2 0.8 93.8 3.2 80.6 < 0.001
10 Within medicine, psychiatry is one of the least important specialties. 10.9 71.5 5.0 83.1 16.8 59.8 < 0.001
3 Psychiatrists tend to be more emotionally unstable than other doctors. 10.9 68.3 9.2 75.3 12.6 61.2 < 0.001
8 Psychiatric patients hardly ever get better. 15.8 52.4 14.1 59.2 17.4 45.6 < 0.001
4 Psychiatrists are held in poor regard by most other doctors. 21.3 46.9 24.3 47.4 18.2 46.4 0.615
16 The practice of psychiatry is unrewarding because treatment is so lengthy and the results inconclusive. 25.3 43.0 21.9 52.8 28.8 33.2 < 0.001
12 Psychiatry is too inexact; it seems to lack a proper scientific basis. 25.0 39.5 27.7 42.6 22.4 36.4 0.764
18 Psychiatric patients, generally speaking, are not easy to like. 35.2 31.6 27.5 37.6 43.0 25.6 < 0.001
9 Psychiatric patients tend to make more emotional demands on their doctors than other patients. 62.4 11.2 71.9 10.0 52.8 12.4 < 0.001
  1. aItems are arranged in decreasing order of overall percentage endorsement of positive attitudes towards the psychiatry
  2. †Mann-Whitney U Test for comparison between medical and nursing students' mean scores for each item